For the dead and the living we must bear witness.
Holocaust survivor and author Elie Wiesel
Fewer and fewer survivors are left to tell the story. Now the children and grandchildren who heard their accounts directly from them must leave a permanent memorial, not simply for the survivors themselves or even for those alive today but for the generations that follow us.
Florida, with the largest number of Holocaust survivors, must join, and even lead, other states and enact the legislation needed to authorize a monument on our Capitol grounds to remind generations to come of the horrors inflicted on millions of European Jews by a brutal, bigoted dictator of the Nazi party.
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Across the country, and particularly in our state capitol buildings, we need memorials and monuments to the Holocaust (known in Hebrew as Shoah). Several statehouses, including those in South Carolina, Ohio and Iowa, already have memorials to honor those who perished during this horrific period in world history.
The Holocaust lasted from 1933 to 1945. It progressed slowly, with discrimination creeping across Europe. Next came persecution and the separation of Jews from their communities. At the Holocaust’s worst, Nazis stripped people of their possessions, their families and their liberties.
Dehumanized them. Murdered them.
During the Second World War, the Nazis sought to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and to destroy its culture. In 1941, 11 million Jews lived in Europe. But by May 1945, the Nazis had murdered 6 million of them, including 1.5 million children.
The fathers and grandfathers of so many Americans fought in World War II against Nazi forces. We have honored them with memorials that remind us of their valor. We must also remember those who died not as soldiers but as ordinary civilians singled out for execution simply because of their Jewish heritage.
It is the brutal bigotry that we must hope humankind never will repeat.
Most of my relatives, including my grandparents, either were imprisoned in concentration camps or killed, so I know firsthand how the Holocaust affected — and continues to affect — families. I teach the lessons of the Holocaust to my children and grandchildren, just as my father and cousins taught them to me. My aunt and her two young sons suffered in a total of four different camps and tell of the murder and brutal treatment of thousands of victims.
With each passing day, there are fewer survivors like my cousins left to share their stories. One day, no survivors will remain.
Every week, thousands of students visit our state Capitol, making it the ideal location to place a memorial that would remind them of this important time in world history. It would teach them about the evils of discrimination.
A monument would inspire students to ask questions of their parents and teachers about the Holocaust: How could so many good people remain silent while their fellow citizens were subjected to such atrocities? Why did our great nation’s leaders do so little when they certainly knew about the slaughter of millions of Jews and other minorities? Why did our leaders allow only a small number of Jewish immigrants to enter our country when they knew those left behind likely would be killed or placed in concentration camps?
Many legislators, as well as other state leaders, are ready to help. Sen. Eleanor Sobel and Rep. Jared Moskowitz are sponsoring legislation.
This should be a nonpartisan effort. Hopefully, there will be a unanimous vote on the legislation in both houses.
We must construct this monument now to ensure that no one ever forgets what happens when demagogues take power, emboldened by those who sit silently by while atrocities are committed.
If not now, when?
Steve Uhlfelder is a Tallahassee attorney and former chair of the Fulbright Scholarship Board.