The nonprofit Citizens Awareness Foundation was founded to “empower citizens to exercise their right to know,” according to its mission statement. The South Florida millionaire backing the foundation hired one of the state’s most prominent public records activists to run it, rented office space, and pledged to pay the legal fees to make sure people had access to government records.
But a review of court records and internal communications obtained by the Florida Center for Investigative Reporting shows that the foundation is less interested in obtaining records and educating the public than in working with a partner law firm to collect cash settlements from every lawsuit filed.
Citizens Awareness Foundation and the O’Boyle Law Firm set up shop in the same building at about the same time. The two share more than an address. They also share personnel, money and a mandate to sue as many state and local government agencies and businesses as they can for violating Florida’s Sunshine law.
Since January, the foundation and a sister group, Our Public Records LLC, have filed more than 140 lawsuits in 27 counties, court records show. A lawyer with the O’Boyle Law Firm filed all of the cases FCIR reviewed.
The close partnership between Citizens Awareness Foundation and the law firm prompted the foundation’s first executive director, Joel Chandler, to quit over concerns that the coordination “may be criminal, fraudulent and unethical,” according to an affidavit he filed.
Both organizations are housed at the offices of the Commerce Group, the Deerfield Beach real estate development firm owned by millionaire Martin O’Boyle.
O’Boyle is best known for inundating the Palm Beach State Attorney’s office with more than 1,300 public records requests, and for suing the wealthy town of Gulf Stream, where he lives, after filing 1,200 public records requests.
Citizens Awareness Foundation’s board is composed of employees of the O’Boyle Law Firm and the Commerce Group. According to an email from one board member, the foundation had quota to refer a minimum of 25 lawsuits per week to the law firm.
The foundation has threatened so many engineers with legal action that the Florida Engineering Society sent a warning to members: “It is debatable whether they are truly seeking records or just attempting to obtain legal fees for a violation of this requirement,” Craig Varn, the organization’s general counsel, said in the May 23 memo.
The road-building industry in Florida also has been swamped with public records requests and lawsuits from Citizens Awareness Foundation. “It’s a sad game of ‘gotcha,’ the only purpose of which is to generate an attorney fee claim rather than obtain any actual public records,” said Bob Burleson, president of the Florida Transportation Builders’ Association.
State Sen. Wilton Simpson, R-Trilby, has received similar complaints, and has begun drafting legislation to better define the public records law. In October, the town commission of Gulf Stream, in Palm Beach County, voted unanimously to hire an outside lawyer to pursue a federal racketeering case against O’Boyle.
Representatives of Citizens Awareness Foundation and the O’Boyle Law Firm referred questions to Fort Lauderdale lawyer Mitchell W. Berger.
“We are new to this process and undertaking an investigation of the facts and circumstances which have resulted in the current controversy,” Berger said. “We will not litigate this matter in the press on a question-by-question basis and will leave our responses to be filed in the appropriate proceedings where we are sure justice will be done and our clients will be exonerated in the process.”
The foundation and the law firm are exploiting an April 2013 amendment to state law that requires private companies holding public records to make them available.
After the 2013 amendment passed, Martin O’Boyle contacted Joel Chandler, a well-known open government activist, about starting Citizens Awareness Foundation. Chandler, who lives in Lakeland, had worked as a volunteer his entire career. O’Boyle offered him a $120,000 annual salary, a company car and health insurance.
“I went from being completely broke to getting paid $10,000 a month,” Chandler said. “It was a very cool gig.”
The foundation was incorporated on Jan. 27. The O’Boyle Law Firm opened on Feb. 10. They both listed the same address in Deerfield Beach on incorporation records. Martin O’Boyle’s son, Pennsylvania lawyer Jonathan O’Boyle, was listed as the law firm’s director.
Jonathan O’Boyle is not licensed to practice law in Florida, and records show he may have been acting as the firm’s full-time managing director and supervising other lawyers. Under Florida Bar rules, lawyers supervising cases must be licensed in the state, “He was in the office just about every day,” Chandler said. “I was in the room multiple times when Jonathan was directing other attorneys in their work and no one was supervising Jonathan.”
In emails FCIR reviewed, Jonathan O’Boyle writes about assigning himself a case. Another lawyer describes O’Boyle directing settlement negotiations in a separate case.
When setting up the foundation, Chandler said he talked with the O’Boyles about the need to avoid conflicts of interest. He was worried because all of the foundation’s board members either worked for Martin O’Boyle’s real estate company or the law firm.
“That was a sticking point, whether I could only refer cases to his son’s law firm,” Chandler said. “I didn’t want to be involved in something where we file lawsuits just to file lawsuits. I was assured I would have sole discretion about who to litigate and which law firm to use.”
That never happened, he said. By April, Citizens Awareness Foundation board member Denise DeMartini, who works for the Commerce Group, was demanding more lawsuits.
“I am in the law meeting now and have been told that you have only provided eight new cases for this week. We were expecting a minimum of 25 a week,” she emailed Chandler on April 28. The law meeting she referred to was the O’Boyle firm’s staff meeting. DeMartini is not a lawyer.
Citizens Awareness Foundation was filing so many lawsuits that Chandler was not able to vet them all, as he had negotiated from the start. In some cases, lawsuits were filed in his name without his knowledge or permission, he said.
On June 2, Chandler emailed his board about using another law firm. “[I]f we use the O’Boyle Firm exclusively it will appear to be ‘self dealing’ by the IRS,” Chandler said.
William Ring, the foundation’s president and a lawyer with the Commerce Group, replied: “I’m not inclined to authorize [Citizens Awareness Foundation] to engage another law firm.” Ring is now the registered agent for the O’Boyle Law Firm, state records show.
The foundation targeted governments big and small, but it also filed complaints against obscure companies contracted by government agencies. Many weren’t aware the records law applied to them.
The records requests often came in over the weekend, from “An Onoma” with the email address email@example.com.
Dave McIntosh, who runs an environmental mitigation bank that does work for the state, said his records request from An Onoma came at 9:48 a.m. on Sunday, May 18. “I was totally convinced it was bogus,” he said.
McIntosh wrote back asking who they were. The reply: “None of your business.”
The lawsuit arrived a month later, along with a settlement demand for $2,500. McIntosh offered to pay the $410 filing fee and $500 for costs. The lawyers rejected the offer and added a nondisclosure agreement, meaning the settlement couldn’t be discussed afterwards.
“To me that was hilarious, another brick in the wall that makes case that these guys are a scam,” McIntosh said. He’s fighting the lawsuit.
In June, Miami’s River of Life, a small social services agency, contacted Chandler saying they didn’t realize their records were public and that they were willing to comply — but the settlement demand for nearly $4,000 was too much. Chandler called the O’Boyle lawyer handling the case, Nickalaus Taylor, on June 27.
After the call, Chandler emailed Taylor: “In our conversation this morning I understood, from you, that the O’Boyle Law Firm has about $1,200 in costs and fees in the case up to this point. I also understood that you have been instructed by Jonathan O’Boyle to demand $3,800 to settle the case. If such a demand is accepted by the Defendant that would create a windfall of about $2,600 beyond actual fees and expenses.”
Taylor responded: “This email is to confirm our conversation today and to reiterate that all offers for settlement are made pursuant to the policies of the O’Boyle Law Firm.”
On June 30, Chandler resigned. Worried about the damage he had inadvertently caused, he contacted defendants in the lawsuits and offered his help. Citizen Awareness Foundation sued him for breaches of contract and fiduciary duty.
Since Chandler’s departure, Citizen Awareness Foundation and Our Public Records LLC have filed 70 more lawsuits around the state.
Among the latest defendants: a Catholic charity in Sarasota County, an accountant in Hillsborough County, and ChildNet, a nonprofit in Broward County whose mission is to “protect abused, abandoned and neglected children.”
The Florida Center for Investigative Reporting is a nonprofit news organization supported by foundations and individual contributions. For more information, visit fcir.org.