Pres Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier of Haiti sits on top steps of the Palace in Port au Prince surrounded by his guards in 1967. In April 1971, Duvalier dies and his teenage son, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier, becomes the country's president for life under a constitutional amendment that allowed "Papa Doc" to name his replacement.
A file picture shows President Jean-Claude Duvalier as he delivers a speech on January 2, 1976 at the presidential Palace in Port-au-Prince. --
A file portrait shot in March 1982 of Jean-Claude Duvalier three years before 1985 protests by religious groups against Duvalier's leadership spark bloody confrontations between anti-government demonstrators and Duvalier's private militia, called Tonton Macoutes.
Duvalier, 34, is helped by his wife out their limousine as they arrive in French Savoy, French Alps Feb. 1986. Just one month before Duvalier's administration had closed schools and universities and forbidden radio stations from reporting on the turmoil engulfing the country. More than 50 people had been killed in disturbances, most by Tonton Macoutes. Duvalier had declared 30-day state of siege. In Duvalier’s absence, a National Council of Government, consisting of three military men and two civilians, led by Duvalier's army chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Henri Namphy, takes power. By this time Haiti was destitute.
The Miami Herald
Duvalier and his wife Michele Bennett Duvalier at their rented villa in Grasse, France, June 12, 1986. After Duvalier and his family were flown to France aboard U.S. military jet, a cabinet named by Lt. Gen. Henri Namphy would dissolve Assembly and Tonton Macoutes, reopen schools, free political prisoners, and seek to recover Duvaliers' assets. U.S. aid resumed, after being halted because of Duvalier abuses.
Duvalier, the ousted Haitian dictator, stands outside his then residence in Vallauris, on the French Riviera, September 20, 1994. Seven years prior, a constitution had barred Duvalierists from candidacy for 10 years.
Duvalier in a 2002 interview with CBS newscaster Michele Gillen in Paris. In 2007 there was some controversy over million of dollars stashed in Swiss bank account by Duvalier. Many in Haiti considered the money to have been stolen from public funds before Duvalier was ousted.
CBS4 DUVA00 INTERVIEW DADE CBS.J
On Jan. 16, 2011 Duvalier arrives at the airport in Port au Prince, Haiti. Duvalier returned to Haiti after nearly 25 years in exile.
Frederick C. Alexis
Frederick C. Alexis
Duvalier supporters chant pro-Duvalier slogans outside the hotel where stayed in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Jan. 2011. His return surprised many, a move that came as Haiti struggled with a political crisis and the stalled effort to recover from the 2010 earthquake. A judge will decide whether Duvalier will be tried on charges that include corruption and embezzlement for allegedly pilfering the treasury before his 1986 ouster, according to his lawyer.
Veronique Fleurime Jean Juste (left) and Jean Pierre both from Haiti living in Miami with some signs during a press conference on Monday 17, 2011 at the Veyeyo Offices in Little Haiti.
El Nuevo Herald
Duvalier, center as he was led by police to court and surrounded by journalists in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Jan. 18, 2011. Duvalier was the subject of an ongoing trial into human rights abuses during his reign.
Dieu Nalio Chery