A Republican-led Senate panel on Thursday narrowly approved legislation that would bar most transfers of terror suspects from the U.S. prison at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, a major roadblock in President Barack Obama’s push to close the detention center.
In a closed-door session, the Armed Services Committee voted 14-12 for the bill sponsored by Sen. Kelly Ayotte of New Hampshire and backed by the panel’s chairman, Sen. John McCain of Arizona.
Just as the panel was deliberating, the White House said Obama would veto the legislation if it reaches his desk. The president vowed as a 2008 candidate that he would close the federal prison, but congressional Republicans and some Democrats repeatedly have blocked his efforts during the last six years.
“Our position is that the continued operation of Guantánamo Bay weakens our national security and must be closed,” Obama spokesman Eric Schultz told reporters aboard Air Force One. “We believe this bill puts more constraints on a process that should be actually working faster. And so we oppose this legislation and the president would veto it.”
When Obama took office six years ago, there were 242 detainees at Guantánamo. Today there are 122. Of those, 54 are eligible for transfer, 10 are being prosecuted or have been sentenced and the cases of the other 58 are being reviewed.
The legislation would extend for two years the ban on transfers of terrors suspects from Guantánamo to the United States. New detainees could be incarcerated at the federal prison and later transferred to the United States.
The measure would suspend the transfer of high- or medium-risk terror suspects from Guantánamo to the U.S. or other countries during Obama’s remaining two years in office.
It would allow the transfer of low-risk detainees to foreign countries under previous law and allow the administration to waive any requirement based on national security grounds.
The bill also would legally reinstate a ban on detainees being transferred to Yemen. Many of the remaining detainees at the prison are from Yemen, which is engulfed in turmoil and is home to al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula. The United States evacuated its embassy in Yemen this past week.
The measure also requires that the administration provide an unclassified report on the previous activities of terror suspects who remain at Guantánamo.
Ayotte welcomed the panel’s action.
“When the administration transfers a Guantánamo detainee, especially those formerly assessed as a high- or medium-risk for reengagement in terrorism, the onus is on the administration to explain openly to the American people what has changed, particularly when nearly 30 percent of former Guantánamo detainees are suspected or confirmed of re-engaging in terrorism,” Ayotte said in a statement.
The panel adopted three Democratic amendments, including one sponsored by Sen. Jack Reed of Rhode Island that would allow the temporary transfer of a terror suspect to a Defense Department facility in the U.S. for emergency medical treatment if necessary.
The committee’s move comes months after many lawmakers were outraged by the exchange of five Taliban commanders held at Guantánamo for Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, who was captured by the Taliban and held by members of the Haqqani network, an insurgent group tied to the Taliban that operates both in Pakistan and Afghanistan, for five years.
Last May, Bergdahl was handed over to U.S. special forces in Afghanistan as part of an exchange for the five.
“It’s only appropriate that we call a time-out,” said Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., backer of the legislation. “The Obama administration seems more concerned about fulfilling their campaign promise to close Gitmo than protecting our national security. Now is not the time to be sending radical Islamic terror groups reinforcements from Gitmo.”
The administration has defended the swap. The Joint Chiefs of Staff unanimously supported the exchange, insisting that the United States has a sacred commitment to men and women who serve that it will never leave anyone behind on the battlefield.
Associated Press writer Nedra Pickler contributed to this report.