An increasing number of Cubans try to reach Florida by sea, Coast Guard reports

A boatcrew with the Coast Guard Cutter Knight Island approach a rustic vessel southwest of Key West, Florida, Dec. 30., 2014. The rustic vessel had 12 Cuban migrants aboard who were later repatriated to Bahia de Cabañas Cuba, Jan. 5, 2015.
A boatcrew with the Coast Guard Cutter Knight Island approach a rustic vessel southwest of Key West, Florida, Dec. 30., 2014. The rustic vessel had 12 Cuban migrants aboard who were later repatriated to Bahia de Cabañas Cuba, Jan. 5, 2015. Courtesy

The number of Cuban migrants attempting to reach the U.S. illegally in rafts has surged since the Dec. 17 announcement that diplomatic relations between the two countries would be restored after more than 50 years, Coast Guard officials said Monday.

The Coast Guard also has increased patrols in the Florida Straits and is continuing to patrol the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico.

U.S. authorities have intercepted 421 Cubans since Dec. 17, mostly in the Florida Straits, said Lt. Cmdr. Gabe Somma, a spokesman for the Coast Guard's 7th District in Miami.

On Monday, the Coast Guard repatriated 121 Cuban migrants who were interdicted in seven separate events in the past week.

All seven interdictions included unseaworthy, homemade vessels that posed significant risk to the migrants attempting to make the perilous journey, officials said.

In all of December 2013, the total number of Cuban migrants who encountered U.S. law enforcement while trying to reach the U.S. was nearly half that — 222.

And just before the historic announcement of restored diplomatic ties — from Dec. 1 to Dec. 16 — 132 Cubans were prevented from reaching U.S. shores.

Some Cubans on the island recently told The Associated Press that they were thinking about speeding up their plans to get to the U.S., but others cautioned against attempting the dangerous crossing when it's still unclear how U.S. law may change.

"I'm dying to leave, but I'm not going to throw myself into the sea, I'm not going to do it," Juan Moreno, 34, said in Havana on Monday. "He who does that is crazy."

The Coast Guard said the spike in the number of Cuban migrants has been prompted by rumors that an abrupt end is coming as soon as Jan. 15 to the so-called wet foot-dry foot policy that usually shields Cubans from deportation if they reach U.S. shores.

But U.S. officials say there are no immediate plans to change the policy. Congress would have to change the Cuban Adjustment Act or the U.S. trade embargo.

"There is no change to immigration law. This rumor is just putting people in harm's way. The rumors are just not true," Somma said.

Rear Adm. Jake Korn, Coast Guard 7th District commander said in a statement released Monday: "The Administration’s recent announcement regarding Cuba does not affect immigration policies including wet foot/dry foot or the Cuban Adjustment Act – which only Congress can change."

The overall number of migrants making risky sea voyages toward U.S. shores from the Caribbean, including Cuba and other countries, has increased in the past year. According to the Coast Guard, in the fiscal year that ended Sept. 30, U.S. authorities captured, intercepted or chased away at least 5,585 Haitians, 3,940 Cubans and hundreds from the Dominican Republic and other Caribbean countries attempting to reach U.S. shores.

For nearly 50 years, Cubans have had a unique privilege. The Cuban Adjustment Act has given them a virtually guaranteed path to legal residency and eventual citizenship. Over the years, hundreds of thousands of Cubans have taken perilous raft trips to Florida and land journeys through Central America and Mexico with the knowledge that they would not be deported.

Cubans intercepted at sea, though, usually are returned home.

Coast Guard officials said they're concerned about the increased numbers of migrants.

"At one point last week, we had about 120 Cuban migrants on Coast Guard cutter decks awaiting repatriation," Somma said.

Some Coast Guard vessels and aircraft have been pulled from other missions in the region to address the increased migrant traffic in the waters off Florida, Somma said.

Poverty and political repression have long caused Cubans and other Caribbean nationals to attempt the journey across the swift currents of the Florida Straits. A recovering U.S. economy and another calm summer without many tropical storms may have contributed to the increased flow of migrants documented since the federal fiscal year that began Oct. 1, 2013, authorities said.

But now that the U.S. and Cuba are negotiating a return to full diplomatic relations, many Cubans wonder how long wet foot-dry foot will continue.

Moreno and others in Cuba said that they expected the changes announced last month to take time, and that the Cuban Adjustment Act would eventually go away, whether or not circumstances on the island improved.

"The truth is that someday it will be removed, but it's unknown when," Moreno said.

Associated Press writer Anne-Marie Garcia contributed to this report from Havana. Miami Herald intern Rebecca Savransky contributed from Miami.