Following is a list of crashes suffered by Cuba’s national airline, Cubana de Aviacion. The information comes from Airsafe.com, a Web site that tracks airplane accidents around the world:
1. October 1976; Cubana DC8-40; Flight 455; near Barbados: The aircraft was on a scheduled international flight from Barbados to Kingston, Jamaica. About nine minutes after departing Barbados, a bomb exploded in the rear of the aircraft and started an uncontrollable fire. During the air turn back, the crew was apparently incapacitated by the smoke and fumes and lost control of the aircraft. All 15 crew members and 58 passengers were killed.
2. 19 January 1985; Cubana Ilyushin 18D; near Havana, Cuba: The aircraft was on a scheduled international flight from Havana to Managua, Nicaragua. The aircraft had just departed and was executing a procedure turn when the aircraft apparently lost control, and spiraled into the ground. All five crew members and 33 passengers were killed.
3. 3 September 1989; Cubana Ilyushin 62M; near Havana, Cuba: The aircraft was on a nonscheduled international flight from Havana to Bonn, West Germany. Shortly after takeoff, the aircraft crashed into a community about 1.5 miles (2 km) from the airport. The takeoff was performed at night in gusting winds and heavy rain from local thunderstorms. All 11 crew members and 115 passengers were killed. Also killed were 14 people on the ground.
4. 24 October 1990; Cubana Yak 40; Flight 2886; near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba: The aircraft was on a nonscheduled domestic flight from Camaguey to Santiago, Cuba. During the approach phase of the third landing attempt, the aircraft struck a high plateau about five miles (eight km) from the airport. The crash occurred at night under rainy conditions. Two of the seven crew members and nine of the 24 passengers were killed. The Civil Aviation Institute of Cuba stated that the accident was caused by the flight crew attempting to execute a visual approach under instrument flight rules (IFR) conditions.
5. 11 July 1997; Cubana Antonov 24; Flight 787; near Santiago de Cuba, Cuba: The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Santiago to Havana, Cuba. Shortly after takeoff, the aircraft entered a left bank, descended, and crashed into the sea about three minutes after takeoff on a night flight to Havana. All five crew members and 39 passengers were killed.
6. 29 August 1998; Cubana Tupolev 154M; Flight 389; Quito, Equador: The aircraft was on a scheduled domestic flight from Quito to Guayaquil, Ecuador. During the third takeoff attempt, the crew was unable to rotate the aircraft once it had reached Vr speed. The crew rejected the takeoff but was unable to stop the aircraft on the runway. The aircraft came to reset in a neighborhood near the airport. All 14 crew members and 56 of the 77 passengers were killed. Ten persons on the ground were also killed.
7. 21 December 1999; Cubana DC10-30; Flight 1216; Guatemala City, Guatemala: The aircraft was on a nonscheduled international flight from Havana to Guatemala City. The aircraft overran the wet runway and came to rest in a residential neighborhood adjacent to the airport. Eight of the 18 crew members and eight of the 296 passengers on the chartered flight were killed, as were two people in the neighborhood. The aircraft had been leased from AOM French Airlines, and was operating on behalf of Cubana.
Other Fatal DC10 Events
25 December 1999; Cubana Yak42; near Valencia, Venezuela: The aircraft was approaching Valencia after a flight from Havana when the aircraft struck high ground about 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Valencia. All 12 crew members 10 passengers