Before it became a maximum-security prison camp for terror suspects, Guantánamo housed thousands of Haitian refugees fleeing the violence and military junta that had overthrown their president.
What life was like, and the faces of the men, women and children who called the U.S. naval base home, will be on display Thursday as part of a national effort to remember Guantánamo’s history.
Known as the Guantánamo Public Memory Project, the traveling exhibit makes its debut in South Florida on Thursday at the Little Haiti Cultural Center, 212 NE 59th Ter. From 6 to 9 p.m., visitors will be able to view a multi-media history of “GTMO,” dating as far back as 1898 and through its most recent history as a holding place for Haitian and Cuban refugees trying to get to the United States.
By the time Cuban balseros arrived in Guantánamo in 1994, 15,000 Haitians were already there. They had been denied asylum by the Clinton administration while fleeing Haiti’s political turmoil. And while the balsero Cubans were ultimately allowed to enter the United States, most Haitians were repatriated.
The memory project features video testimonies and images of the people who worked, lived, served or were held at the U.S. naval base in Cuba before it gained notoriety as a maximum security prison for hunger strikers and terror suspects.
Among the exhibits on display at the Little Haiti Cultural Center will be the work of Miami Herald photojournalist Carl Juste, “Havana and Haiti: Two Cultures, One Community.”
Since 2012, more than 400,000 people across the United States have visited the Guantánamo Public Memory Project exhibits and participated in community dialogues. In South Florida, five institutions have joined together to hold similar talks on the history of the base, its memories and legacy. The project is based at Columbia University’s Institute for the Study of Human Rights and is aimed at building public awareness about the longtime base on Cuban soil.
Other events connected with the Guantánamo Public Memory Project in South Florida are:
For more information about the project, visit http://www.gitmomemory.org