Florida Power & Light on Friday asked the Public Service Commission to allow it to raise rates on 4.8 million Florida customers by 23.7 percent by 2019, a $1.3 billion increase that is also designed to reward its shareholders with substantially higher profits.
FPL argues that while it has delivered stable and low-cost power to customers since its last rate case in 2009, it must charge customers more to offset the increase in expenses and accommodate the growth in population.
“We are committed to delivering our customers exceptional value for their money and will continue to make smart investments that will further improve service for customers and help keep costs down,’’ said Eric Silagy, FPL president and CEO, in a press release.
If approved, the increase will lock in base rates for four years and the typical residential customer bill of 1,000 kilowatt hours would increase by about $13 a month — with $8.50 imposed in 2017, another $2.50 in 2018 and $2 more in 2019. The current base rate imbedded within a customer’s overall bill is $54.86 per 1,000 kwh. Other charges are added to every bill, and the current total for 1,000 kwh is $93.38.
The request comes on the heels of the company’s spending more than $3.4 million in campaign funds to stave off competition from the solar power industry by mounting an effort to keep a constitutional amendment off the November ballot that would have opened the door to a competitive solar market in Florida.
The PSC has the final say over the rate request, but the current panel of governor-appointed commissioners has consistently sided with FPL on its requests. The company is the third largest utility in the nation and one of the most active campaign contributors in the state.
Despite that record, J.R. Kelly, the lawyer who represents ratepayers in utility cases said Friday he will “fight the good fight” and argue that FPL’s rate hike should be rejected. FPL is earning at the top end of the rate allowed under the current agreement with the state, and, Kelly said, the company can afford to make the investments it needs to continue to operate an efficient and reliable system without a rate increase..
“I know why they want the money. They want to continue to earn all they can for their shareholders and earn at the top of their range,” Kelly said. “If they are earning like that, they don’t need that $1 billion.”
Under state law, the utility is allowed to earn a return on equity of between 9.5 percent and 11.5 percent without having to justify its profits before regulators. Kelly said for every 100 basis points, or each percentage point of ROE, FPL earns about $165 million in profit.
But in a letter to PSC Chair Julie Brown on Friday, the company said it believes it should be allowed to have profit margins of 10.5 percent to 12.5 percent as well as the $1.3 billion more from customers because, compared to similar large utility companies in the Southeast, it has “the highest reliability and the lowest typical customer bills.”
To that, Kelly said: “So what?” He argues that the company’s strong performance is expected by regulators, in return for the privilege of operating as a monopoly, protected from competition and so, in addition to being allowed guaranteed profits of up to 11.5 percent, FPL is required to submit its prices and profits to regulation from ideologically supportive regulators.
“FPL obviously does a good job,” Kelly said. “They have been recognized with lots of awards for reliability and service. I’m glad their rates are as low as they are, and I applaud them for that. But that doesn’t mean that ratepayers should pay more just to put more money in the pockets of their shareholders because the shareholders are already earning a boatload of money.”
FPL said in its press release that its proposal “is being designed to keep costs down for customers over the long term while supporting continued investments to further enhance its infrastructure and improve the efficiency of its system.”
“Without a rate adjustment that incorporates a fair return, the company’s earnings would drop significantly, making it more difficult and more expensive to attract investors needed to support the necessary continued investments for FPL customers,’’ FPL said in its press release.
The company said the rate hike is needed to help FPL cover the $1.3 billion needed for a natural gas-fired power plant proposed in rural Okeechobee County and go towards the $16 billion the company says it has been investing since 2014 to improve electricity service, reduce emissions, improve fuel efficiency and strengthen the system against severe weather. In the next year, the company said it will spend $6.7 billion “to strengthen or ‘harden’ its infrastructure to better withstand bad weather, including inspecting and replacing poles, placing some equipment underground and clearing lines of vegetation.”
The company estimates it will add nearly 220,000 new customers by 2017 and faces increased expenses that “are driving higher operating costs.”
The plan will include three base rate adjustments phased during the four-year period and cost the typical customer 43 cents a day. Combined with current projections for fuel and other costs, FPL estimates that its total typical customer bill will grow at about 2.8 percent per year, roughly the expected rate of inflation, from now through 2020.
Even with the change, FPL expects that its typical bill in 2020 will still be lower than it was in 2006. FPL argues that, compared with prices in 2006, food and housing costs today are at least 20 percent higher while healthcare costs are about 40 percent higher. Meanwhile, FPL’s typical customer bill is lower today than it was in 2006, when the typical 1,000 kwh residential monthly bill was $108. That same bill today is $93.38 and, if the rate hike is approved, will be $107, the company said.
The last time FPL had a rate hearing, in 2009, the PSC rejected all but $75 million of the company’s request for a $1.47 billion increase. After that, FPL officials and lobbyists pressured the Legislature to replace four of the five commissioners who voted against their rate increase.
In 2012, FPL entered into a settlement agreement with the Florida Industrial Power Users Group and the Florida Hospital Association, against the wishes of the Office of Public Counsel, to raise rates again. The settlement also gave FPL a higher maximum profit margin — 11.5 percent from 11 percent — and gave the company all of its $690.4 million rate increase request as well as a $304 million more over four years as new power plants in Cape Canaveral, Rivera Beach and Port Everglades came into service.
A lawyer for Florida Industrial Power Users Group, which has intervened in previous rate cases, said the organization will carefully review the need for the increased rates and higher profits.
“While FIPUG appreciates the service FPL provides to its members and more than half of the state’s homes and businesses, a rate increase request of more than $1.3 billion with a requested equity return of 11.5 percent, are significant requests that will warrant close and careful scrutiny from the Public Service Commission, the Office of Public Counsel, FIPUG and other parties representing consumer interests,” Jon Moyle said in a statement.
How rates compare
Base rate charges
Fuel, purchased power cost recovery
Energy conservation cost recovery
Environmental cost recovery
Capacity cost recovery
Storm damage surcharge
Gross receipts tax
Total (per 1,000 kilowatt hours)
Source: Florida Public Service Commission