A national Republican group is misleading Miami voters with a radio ad that says U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson “supports murderers,” pointing to the Democrat’s positions on Cuba and Venezuela.
The crisis in Venezuela could become an issue for Florida candidates in 2018, including Nelson, who is expected to face a challenge from Republican Gov. Rick Scott.
The Spanish-language ad by the National Republican Senatorial Committee attacks Nelson for meeting with then-Venezuela President Hugo Chávez in 2005 and tries to link Nelson to Chávez’s successor, Nicolas Maduro, and the Castro brothers of Cuba.
Here’s part of the script in English:
“In the past, (Nelson) has aligned himself with communists and dictators. Look at him with Cuba. He supported Obama when he negotiated with the other terrorists, the Castro brothers. When Nelson supports the Castros, that only reinforces and encourages others, like it did with Chávez’s and now with Maduro. In 2005, Bill Nelson even visited Hugo Chávez in Venezuela. Here it says Nelson went to Venezuela to admire Chávez’s revolution. If Bill Nelson supports murderers, I can’t support Bill Nelson.”
The fact that Nelson met with Chávez and supported Obama’s efforts to normalize relations with Cuba is by no means evidence that Nelson “supports murderers” or admired Chávez’s revolution. In fact, Nelson has repeatedly criticized the leadership of both Venezuela and Cuba.
Nelson met with Chávez in 2005 but didn’t show admiration
When we asked for evidence of the ad’s claims, an NRSC spokeswoman pointed to a Miami Herald article about a 2005 meeting between Nelson and Chávez.
In January 2005, Nelson and two other U.S. senators on the Foreign Relations Committee -- Christopher Dodd, D-Conn. and Lincoln Chafee R-R.I. -- met with Chávez in Caracas. In addition to Venezuela, the senators traveled to Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru to discuss counterterrorism, counter-narcotics and economic issues.
The senators discussed with Chávez concerns about his relationship with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), though Nelson also described the session as “very friendly (in) tone.”
Senators “made a point of emphasizing the need for a fresh start in the often troubled relationship between Washington and Chávez's government,” the Herald wrote.
An NRSC spokeswoman also pointed to a September 2006 editorial in Investor’s Business Daily that describes trips taken by Nelson as “junkets to Venezuela to admire Chávez's ‘revolution’ in his dog and pony shows.” But the article included no evidence that Nelson admired Chávez’s revolution.
There is evidence of Nelson, however, criticizing Chávez over his new media laws, private property seizures and pro-Chávez judicial appointments in a 2005 op-ed.
“While we cannot accept Chávez's duplicity, his anti-democratic consolidation of power or his ties to Cuba, dialogue between the United States and Venezuela is needed to help avoid the real possibility of a disruption in the relationship with our fourth-largest oil supplier,” he wrote.
Nelson repeatedly criticized Chávez
Other have called Nelson a frequent critic of Chávez. In 2004, the Miami Herald described Nelson as being “perhaps Chávez's fiercest critic in Congress.”
Nelson called on the federal government to investigate terrorist operations in Venezuela and called Chávez a “serious threat” governing in “an increasingly autocratic manner” and “unfriendly to the civilized world.”
In April 2014, Nelson held a joint press conference with Republican U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio to call for stepped-up attention to Venezuela for repressing political protests.
“It's time to stand up and speak out,” he said.
In July 2017, after a constituent assembly was elected in what has been described as a fraudulent vote, Nelson urged sanctions.
“It's time that we consider cutting the imports of Venezuelan oil,” Nelson said in a Senate Floor speech. “We are now dealing with a Cuban-style dictator.”
“Maduro has made himself dictator, and he and his cronies are bent on turning Venezuela's once-vibrant democracy and once-vibrant economy into a Cuban-style regime,” he said.
Nelson supported normalizing relations with Cuba but criticized Castro
Nelson supported Obama’s move in December 2014 to normalize relations with Cuba, but he called for Castro to expand freedoms.
The Republicans point to an article about Nelson speaking on CNN after Obama’s announcement. He described the day as “Hallelujah Day,” as American Alan Gross was released from Cuba prison as part of the agreement.
Nelson described himself as “anti-Castro” but saw Obama’s decision as a step in the right direction.
In July 2015 when the U.S. and Cuba opened embassies, Nelson supported the move but continued to criticize Castro.
“I still distrust Castro, but we have to get that regime to open up, stop human rights abuses, and give the Cuban people their basic freedoms,” he said in a statement.
The records of Chávez, Maduro and Castro
The ad says that Nelson “supports murderers,” which appears to be a reference to Chávez, Maduro and the Castro brothers. The leaders have been associated with political violence of different types.
Sebastian A. Arcos, associate director at the Cuban Research Institute at Florida International University, said the Castro brothers have a well-documented history of politically motivated killings beginning in the early months of the Cuban Revolution and extending to recent years.
“Chávez and Maduro do not have the Castro’s record of politically motivated killings,” he said. “Under their collective rule, however, Venezuela has suffered a significant spike in the murder rate, already high before Chávez came to power. In addition, Maduro has been responsible for over 100 dead while repressing anti-government demonstrations.”
Andy Gomez, interim director of the University of Miami’s Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies, called the attack on Nelson “absolutely silly.”
“Bill Nelson has always been anti-Castro and anti-Chávez and Maduro, the record speaks for itself,” he said. “Does the U.S. ever take positions, or any senator including Bill (Nelson), approving atrocities being made to the people? Absolutely not. Has Sen. Nelson ever supported any of these guys? Absolutely not.”
The NRSC radio ad says Nelson “has aligned himself with communists and dictators,” “went to Venezuela to admire Chávez’s revolution” and “supports murderers.”
Though Nelson did visit Venezuela with other senators in 2005, he also repeatedly criticized Chávez in 2004 and 2005, calling him a “serious threat” and raised concerns about his property seizures, judicial appointments and “anti-democratic consolidation of power,” as well as his ties to Cuba. Nelson has also been critical of Maduro, including the recent election, which he called a “sham.”
While Nelson agreed with Obama’s decision to normalize relations with Cuba in 2014, Nelson called for democratic reforms.
This ad grossly distorts Nelson’s record about his visit with Chávez and about his record on the leadership of Venezuela and Cuba. We rate this statement Pants on Fire.
The statement: Says Sen. Bill Nelson “has aligned himself with communists and dictators,” “went to Venezuela to admire Chávez’s revolution” and “supports murderers.”
The ruling: Though Nelson did visit Venezuela with other senators in 2005, he also repeatedly criticized Chávez in 2004 and 2005, calling him a “serious threat” and raised concerns about his property seizures, judicial appointments and “anti-democratic consolidation of power,” as well as his ties to Cuba. Nelson has also been critical of Maduro, including the recent election, which he called a “sham.”
We rate this claim: Pants on Fire.
Politifact Florida is a partnership between The Tampa Bay Times and the Miami Herald to check out truth in politics.