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Captured American has little to say at briefing

A tired, sunburned man with thinning blond hair and mud- soaked clothes stepped calmly before a crowd of reporters here Tuesday and provided a minimum of information.

"My name is Gene Hasenfus, " he said after a Sandinista army officer whispered in his ear. "I come from Marinette, Wisconsin. Yes, and I was captured yesterday in southern Nicaragua. Thank you."

Wearing jeans, a blue T-shirt and a light blue work shirt -- all covered with grime after he parachuted into Nicaragua's rain-drenched jungle -- Hasenfus then turned and was led off without another word.

Asked why reporters were not allowed to speak to the fatigued but fit-looking survivor at the evening news conference, Sandinista Army intelligence chief Capt. Ricardo Wheelock said, "He is in shock. How are we going let him speak to you?"

However, Wheelock said that as soon as the Sandinistas were done interrogating Hasenfus, probably within two days, reporters would be allowed to interview him.

Earlier, Hasenfus was allowed to speak to local journalists briefly in San Carlos, a port on Lake Nicaragua near the crash site. He said only that the plane began its journey in Miami, picked him up in El Salvador, then took a Nicaraguan aboard in Honduras and entered Nicaraguan airspace from Costa Rica at a site known as La Noca on the San Juan River.

It was up to Sandinista army officers to fill in some of the huge gaps in Hasenfus' story. As Lt. Col. Roberto Calderon unraveled the tale, it pointed to Americans flying supply missions for anti-Sandinista contra rebels with the assistance of El Salvador's armed forces.


U.S. and contra officials have said in interviews this year that supply flights to rebel troops, mostly those of the Nicaraguan Democratic Force, have been made by contra pilots and Americans working on contract for the rebels. Calderon did not specify which contra factions the downed plane was to have supplied.

U.S. officials Tuesday denied any connection to the flight. Calderon, military chief for Nicaragua's Fifth Military Region, said Hasenfus parachuted to safety as the plane in which he was flying on a supply mission for the rebels was shot down at 12:45 p.m. Sunday, killing two other Americans identified as Wallace Blaine Sawyer and William J. Cooper, and an unidentified man "of Latin origin."

In the first few hours after his capture at about noon Monday, Calderon said, Hasenfus told Sandinista military officials that the flight was his fourth since July out of Ilopango Air Base outside San Salvador, the Salvadoran air force's headquarters.

Backing up the explanation, the Sandinista commander produced laminated identification cards bearing the Salvadoran air force insignia, issued in July of this year to Hasenfus and Sawyer, whose photo showed a blond, middle-aged man. Calderon said Sawyer was co-pilot of the ill-fated flight.

The cards, which closely resembled other identification issued by the Salvadoran military, were marked "restricted area, " "Spec.: (specialty) Adviser" and "Group: USA."


On the basis of the ID cards, Sandinista officials originally identified Hasenfus as a U.S. military adviser assigned to the Salvadoran armed forces.

But other information and identification taken from Hasenfus and the charred bodies of the two other Americans suggested a contract mission by veteran American free-lancers.

Cooper, who Calderon said had piloted the downed C-123 transport plane, appeared in a white shirt and tie on a card identifying him as a captain for Southern Air Transport, a Miami-based cargo carrier.

In Miami, Southern Air spokesman William Kress denied that the company was linked to either the airplane or its crew.

"There is no connection whatsoever, " Kress said. "We don't even have that type of aircraft."

Kress said it was possible that Hasenfus or Cooper had worked for Southern Air in the past, but he said none of the crew members aboard the downed plane were current employees.

Southern Air occasionally performs maintenance on C-123s but had never worked on the plane that was shot down in Nicaragua, Kress said.

Hasenfus told the Sandinistas he had been working in Vietnam, presumably in covert supply flights, until 1972, and that Cooper had continued in similar work until the present, Calderon said.


Calderon also showed business cards he said were taken from Cooper's wallet for P.J. Buecher, Operations Coordinator for the State Department's now-defunct Nicaraguan Humanitarian Assistance Office and Lt. Col. Humberto Villalta, commander of the Salvadoran navy.

Villalta has been named by rebel sources as an officer who has been instrumental in providing the contras with aircraft hangars and fuel, rifles, ammunition and other assistance, along with Salvadoran Air Force Commander Gen. Juan Rafael Bustillo. Calderon said Hasenfus had identified Bustillo as the direct Salvadoran military liaison for the C-123 crew.

According to Calderon, Hasenfus said the downed flight was the fourth he had made out of Ilopango, down the Pacific Coast to Costa Rica and north into Nicaragua. Calderon said approximately 15 rebel supply flights had come into Nicaragua in the past three months.

Calderon said the plane Hasenfus had intended to kick supplies out of was spotted by border guards 15 minutes before a Sandinista soldier locked on it with a shoulder-fired surface- to-air missile.

Calderon's deputy, Fifth Region army chief of staff Capt. Ramon Calderon (no relation) said in a telephone interview that the missile was a Soviet-made CM-2.

Capt. Calderon said the plane was downed by members of the Gaspar Garcia Laviana Light Hunter Battalion, of the 55th Infantry Brigade, headquartered in Juigalpa, the capital of Chontales province.


Light hunters are counterinsurgency battalions, usually of about 500 or fewer troops, that operate from forward supply posts. They are heavily used in the Chontales-Boaco-Zelaya central front area.

Reporters who traveled to the crash site Tuesday said only the charred, almost unidentifiable remains of three men were found by the plane's wreckage. Only the first two letters of the craft's registration number were still visible, they said. Calderon cited its registration as C-824.

Hasenfus, a reported parachute enthusiast, made use of one to drop to safety.

The flight -- and Hasenfus -- yielded "quite a bit" of new intelligence information about contra operations, intelligence chief Wheelock told The Herald. Lt. Col. Calderon said the crash yielded "a great number" of documents now being analyzed by Sandinista intelligence.

Saul Arana, head of the Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry's North Americas section, said that Hasenfus' mission was "illegal, " but that the Sandinista government had not yet determined whether to formally charge him with a crime.

Alberto Fernandez, spokesman for the U.S. Embassy in Managua, said the embassy's deputy chief of mission, John Moderno, delivered two diplomatic notes to the Nicaraguan Foreign Ministry Tuesday requesting identification of the crash victims and consular access to Hasenfus.

Arana said Nicaragua was not required to answer the note immediately but probably would today. He said Hasenfus would receive all normal diplomatic considerations.

Calderon said Hasenfus told Sandinista officers that Gen. Bustillo had coordinated flights of five contra aircraft -- two Fairchild C-123s, two De Havilland DCH-4 tactical transports and a single-engine Cessna 180.

Wheelock also said the Sandinista army had information that the Salvadoran-based crews on contra supply flights were mostly Filipinos with some Rhodesians.

The episode also brought some celebrating from the Sandinista military, officials said.

"The more gringos there are, the more are going to fall, " said regional chief of staff Capt. Calderon.

Even with $100 million in U.S. aid expected to begin flowing soon, he added, the plane will be "one more expenditure they (the rebels) will have to make."

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