The good news is that economic freedom is advancing worldwide. That is the finding of The Heritage Foundation’s 2014 Index of Economic Freedom, which covers 186 countries encompassing 99 percent of the world’s population. In measuring economic freedom, the index analyzes countries’ commitment to the rule of law, principles of limited government, regulatory efficiency and open markets.
Hong Kong and Singapore lead the rankings as the world’s freest economies and Cuba and North Korea close the ranks as the most repressed economies.
The bad news is that the United States is on an opposite path as the only country that has registered a decline in economic freedom for seven consecutive years.
A microcosmic example of the regulatory environment that overawes our entrepreneurial spirit is playing out in our community, and elsewhere, as ride-sharing modernizers Lyft and UberX are harassed and persecuted. These visionary ride-sharing companies match passengers with drivers using technology in an innovative win-win fashion. But the car-for-hire industry is not happy with these new competitors confronting their oligopolistic practices.
What we have yet to learn, and the political class ignores, is that economic success is not our natural birthright. Economic liberty must be defended. Prosperity cannot survive without economic freedom and the innovations that it spurs. When was the last time anyone rented a movie from Blockbuster or bought film from Kodak?
The last two years of the Bush presidency and the first two years of the Obama presidency marked the largest expansion of state power in the United States since the 1930s. As a result, the United States continues to lose ground in economic freedom.
Since 2007, the United States has tumbled from one of the top 10 most free economies to 12th place. According to the index’s rankings, the United States is now considered “mostly free.” It has earned the dubious distinction of being second only to Argentina in recording the longest sustained decline in economic freedom in the 20-year history of the index.
There is a clear and positive relationship between economic freedom and the level of prosperity in a given country. As documented by the index, countries with greater economic freedoms reach higher incomes and better standards of life, whereas governments that take over their countries’ economies impoverish the citizenry. And yet, the economic and regulatory policy direction of the United States is fast-tracking the loss of our economic freedoms with a substantial growth in the size and scope of government.
Moreover, cronyism and corruption — classic byproducts of the expansive use of government to manage economic activity — are further eroding economic freedom. The material-prosperity case for economic freedom is clear cut. The data show that the free-market system has fueled unprecedented economic growth around the world.
Over the past two decades, as the global economy has moved toward greater economic freedom, hundreds of millions of people have been raised out of poverty.
In our small example, upstarts Lyft and UberX offer not only higher value for consumers, but also a source of income for the drivers.
The moral case for economic freedom is equally clear cut, albeit less obvious, thus allowing for a specious case to be made for government controls. The powerful taxi interests claim that they are defending public safety in their push against Lyft and UberX. That proposition is close to an oxymoron.
In an essay accompanying the 2014 Index of Economic Freedom, Professor John Tomasi of Brown University seeks to make the ethical case for economic freedom as the most moral of societal arrangements and a societal good in its own right. By protecting economic freedom, he argues, we respect others as our moral equals and we assert that governments must respect citizens as responsible authors of their own lives. “Diminishing personal agency in economic affairs — no matter how lofty the social goal — may drain vital blood from a person’s life.”
Speaking for this author of his personal life; I must go now, as my Uber app just notified me that the driver is here to pick me up.
José Azel is a senior scholar at the Institute for Cuban and Cuban-American Studies, University of Miami and the author of the book “Mañana in Cuba.”