A huge new Henri Matisse show in London is many things – bold, colorful, exuberant. It’s also a great advertisement for the creativity of old age.
The 130 works displayed at Tate Modern were created largely in the last decade of the French artist’s long life, when Matisse — in a wheelchair, recovering from cancer and unable to paint as he once had — used scissors and paper to create a series of big, bold and ambitious cutouts.
The work of a man in his late 70s and 80s, they burst with vitality. They include the famous blue nudes — lithe-limbed female forms, cut in a single movement from blue-painted sheets of paper. The biggest works, such as the richly patterned Large Composition with Masks and blocky abstract The Snail, cover whole walls of the gallery with dollops of vivid color.
“You can’t walk out of here without being in a good mood,” the artist’s great-granddaughter Sophie Matisse said recently, sitting in front of The Parakeet and the Mermaid, a multicolored burst of foliage.
These life-affirming works were created out of a sense of mortality, by an artist who had undergone major surgery for cancer in 1941. Matisse died in 1954 at the age of 84.
“He was very close to the end of his life and there were more things that he wanted to do,” said Sophie Matisse, a New York-based artist. “He felt that the clock was ticking, so to speak, and he didn’t have a lot of time to say what he wanted or to do what he wanted.”
What he wanted, she said, was to create three-dimensional works that leapt off the wall, driven by an “almost futuristic” desire to transcend the limits of canvas and frame.
Matisse initially used paper cutouts to plan paintings, illustrations and large works such as tapestries and set designs. But what started out as a planning tool — one he kept secret from the outside world — became an artistic medium in itself.
Soon he was covering the walls of his studio with bits of paper in blue, red, yellow, green, orange, white and black. He cut them into shapes — leaves, petals, swirls — and into animal and human figures.
“Most artists develop a late style,” said curator Nicholas Cullinan. “But Matisse instead invented a new medium.”
Co-curated with the Museum of Modern Art in New York — where it will move in October — the show is the biggest-ever exhibition of Matisse’s paper works.
Works have been borrowed from museums and private collections around the world for the show, which sees the four major blue nudes displayed together in Britain for the first time.
Also included are the cutout illustrations Matisse made for the book Jazz, published in 1947. Among them is one of the artist’s most famous images, Icarus — a black figure surrounded by stars in a blue sky.• Henri Matisse: The Cutouts runs to Sept. 7 at Tate Modern (www.tate.org.uk). It runs at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (www.moma.org) from Oct. 14 to Feb. 9.