The Affordable Care Act has so far survived Republican attempts to replace it, but many people still face insurance concerns. Here are two of them:
Q: I have a rare disease, and there is only one specialist in my area with the expertise to treat me. I am self-employed and have to buy my own insurance. What do I do next year if there are zero insurance plans available that allow me to see my specialist? I must be able to see the doctor who is saving my life and keeping me alive.
If the plan you pick covers out-of-network providers, you can continue to see your cancer specialist, although you’ll have to pay a higher percentage of the cost than if you were seeing someone in your plan’s network.
But many plans these days don’t provide any out-of-network coverage. This is certainly true of plans sold on the health insurance exchanges.
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The situation you’re concerned about — that a specialist you consider crucial to your care isn’t in a plan’s provider network — isn’t uncommon, said Sabrina Corlette, a research professor at Georgetown University’s Center on Health Insurance Reforms.
If this happens, you can contact your plan and make the case that this particular provider is the only one who has the expertise to meet your needs. Then ask your plan to make an exception and treat the out-of-network specialist as if she were in network for cost-sharing purposes. So, if in your plan an in-network specialist visit requires a $250 co-payment, the plan would agree that’s what you’d be charged to see your out-of-network specialist.
Or not. It’s up to the plan officials, and they may argue that someone in network has the expertise you need. If you disagree, you can appeal that decision.
Q: I need to purchase affordable health insurance for my two daughters who are 19 and 17. Is Trump insurance available yet? I need something I can afford and everything is so expensive.
President Donald Trump never put forward a proposal to replace the ACA. Instead, he backed the House and Senate replacement versions, which ultimately failed. But you could have several options through the ACA.
Your current coverage options under the ACA depend on your family situation. If you have coverage available to you through your employer, you can keep your daughters on your plan until they turn 26. For many parents, this is the most affordable, comprehensive option.
If that’s not a possibility, assuming the three of you live together and you claim them as dependents on your taxes, you may qualify for subsidized coverage on the health insurance marketplace next year. Your household income would need to be no more than 400 percent of the federal poverty level (about $82,000 for a family of three). You can apply for that coverage in the fall.
If you live in one of the 31 states plus the District of Columbia that have expanded Medicaid coverage to adults with incomes below 138 percent of the poverty level (about $28,000 for a family of three), you could qualify for that program. You don’t have to wait for open enrollment to sign up for Medicaid.