Her office sits shuttered, high weeds and wrecked cars littering the decaying business strip north of Liberty City. The state of Florida forbids her from hiring employees until she pays her taxes. A judge says she is liable in a $150,000 embezzlement scheme.
Yet Linda Forrest retains a piece of the largest public works contract in Miami-Dade County history. Every month, she is wired nearly $50,000 for her role as one of eight partners overseeing Miami International Airport's $5 billion expansion.
What, if any, work Forrest has done as part of the Dade Aviation Consultants team is murky. How she has remained in the airport job even as her own employees accused her of fraud is another question.
What is clear, The Herald found: Forrest won her share of this coveted contract as she was cutting a quiet deal to pay an estimated $77,000 a year from her airport earnings to the brother of former Miami-Dade Mayor Stephen P. Clark.
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Mayor Clark seconded the motion to award the contract to Dade Aviation Consultants. While Forrest and the seven other DAC partners stood to reap a windfall, the vote also steered money to Richard W. Clark, the late mayor's brother and one-time business partner.
The deal shows how an inexperienced firm was able to earn millions from the public construction contract after cutting in a politician's brother. It also raises questions about whether political ties, rather than the public good, influenced who was chosen to oversee the expansion of MIA, one of the largest airport construction projects in the United States.
At the dawn of the job in 1993, Forrest agreed to pay Richard Clark a 7 percent cut of her MIA revenue in return for his help opening doors at County Hall. The deal was not publicly disclosed, and Clark kept his name off the initial paperwork.
Forrest, a black contractor, was included in the DAC contract ostensibly to help boost minority business development at the county-owned airport. She had not previously run a business.
Yet a portion of airport money meant for a minority-owned company actually went to a wealthy white businessman and former state legislator who was Democratic majority leader in the 1970s. Her agreement with Richard Clark and her company's subsequent bankruptcy illustrate how side deals can undermine the intent of a program meant to cultivate local minority businesses.
"The money should go to the companies that are contracted to do the work and do the work, no one else, " said Christopher Mazzella, Miami-Dade's inspector general. "Our concern is that firms that are duly qualified have an opportunity to do business in Miami-Dade County." Forrest was, no doubt, a real contractor looking to expand her business. Yet her Forrest Construction Management became buried in debt, forcing her to work from her Surfside home.
Clark, by contrast, is able to afford a vacation home on Florida's Gulf Coast and a lakeside estate in the Blue Ridge Mountains of North Carolina. Clark declined all requests for comment. At the door of his Hendersonville, N.C., home, his wife said he would have nothing to say. Clark later declined to respond to written questions sent to his Miami attorney.
Forrest won't talk, submits brief statement
When reporters knocked on Forrest's door recently, she said she couldn't talk and turned away. She later provided brief written answers to questions from The Herald.
Did she hire Clark's firm for its political connections? "No."
"I hired a corporation for purposes of business development and assistance in acquiring financing to support my participation in DAC, " she wrote. While no longer working together, they remain connected through litigation. Clark's company, Airport Information, has sued Forrest to collect money he alleges is still owed to his firm.
Clark's arrangement with Forrest reveals one more way in which the giant airport contract - already worth more than $140 million - feeds the county's political machine. DAC has spent millions of its earnings hiring lobbyists to keep it in good standing at County Hall, and on political fundraisers and charity events hosted by politicos.
The job to oversee Miami's airport expansion was so lucrative that even before it was put to bid, companies and their lobbyists plotted to pick the right mix of partners to lock votes on the County Commission.
The Clarks' longtime family friend, lobbyist Rodney Barreto, helped pitch the eight companies that became the DAC team, and he has been a strategist for them since. Barreto has a long roster of county clients and raises big money for politicians, including Miami-Dade Mayor Alex Penelas. DAC alone has paid his lobbying firm more than $1.3 million.
As DAC came together, Barreto introduced Forrest to Arthur Teele, the only black commissioner at the time.
"They were trying to get votes, " Teele said. "Rodney was clearly her advocate."
Forrest said Barreto was a lobbyist for the entire team and ushered her and others to meet commissioners. Barreto said he did not recall the meeting with Teele.
Teele thought that Forrest, who had received her contractor's license less than two years before, was the least qualified of the DAC minority partners, even as she was slated to get as big a share of profit as two others.
Forrest Construction had two employees at the time - she was one of them - and not enough money to pay health benefits, records show. According to her résumé, she did have some experience at MIA, as a project manager for a contractor, preparing bid documents and coordinating subcontractors.
She was joining a team, meanwhile, led by companies with international reach: Bechtel Corp., Day & Zimmermann and Spillis Candela & Partners. With its construction expertise, minority partners and lobbying muscle, DAC won the contract in December 1992, with Mayor Clark seconding then-Commissioner Penelas' motion. The commission debate that day centered heavily on the role minority vendors would play. A competitor contended that DAC was making a "cosmetic" commitment, but DAC said its minority participation was real. Penelas and Clark voiced support, and Teele ultimately joined the 7-2 majority.
It was a rich victory. The airport agreed to pay nearly two and a half times what it cost DAC to pay its employees. Because expenses were limited - the airport provided the consultant with office space, computers, phones, insurance - there were big profits.
The eight partners share these profits, with the three largest companies getting the bulk, and the five smaller ones splitting 19 percent. Each firm is paid based on the number of its people working for DAC.
The whole purpose of hiring a consultant like DAC - and paying it so much more than airport staff earned - was to bring the private firms' expertise to oversee the airport expansion.
Yet Forrest didn't even have to provide employees to get into the contract. Instead, DAC managers assigned a handful of applicants to her. All she had to do was pay their checks and provide their benefits, and MIA would effectively reimburse her a 142 percent markup.
In the first year, Forrest contributed none of the seven DAC employees working for her. In later years, she complained that she didn't have a say in who worked for her.
To date, Forrest Construction Management has been paid $5.8 million, its share of DAC's fees.
A LIMITED ROLE
Local knowledge is called partner's principal asset
Yet records show that Forrest's role has been limited, at best.
"The personal involvement of Linda Forrest with DAC is limited to her involvement in the Joint Venture Board meetings and her involvement in the administration of her employees, " DAC program manager Mark Massman wrote in response to a Herald question.
"I have no records of Linda Forrest being personally involved in DAC work products or in billing directly to the project."
Massman said that Forrest's prime asset was her knowledge of local job candidates and subcontractors, which out-of-town partners lacked, and that she later helped find half a dozen job candidates for a variety of positions at DAC.
Those limited duties left her plenty of time to pursue other construction projects, though DAC was her prime money flow. She operated her business from modest office quarters on Northwest 78th Street, paying just $380 a month in rent.
Still, she ran deeply into debt.
Early on, a chunk of her airport profits went to Richard Clark's firm. In January 1993, one month after his brother seconded the motion to hire DAC, Clark's Airport Information signed an agreement with Forrest Construction.
His firm would get 7 percent of her total airport revenue, "with the consultant's primary duties being to assist Forrest in marketing its services and obtaining maximum public relations value from the project, " the contract says. He would introduce her to local decision makers.
Clark's company was actually dissolved at the time. The contract said it would reactivate to collect checks from Forrest - and noted that Airport Information had "already fulfilled" most of its duties when it signed the agreement.
Clark himself did not sign the agreement. His partner, Ralph Rocheteau, a former assistant county attorney with political pull of his own, did. Rocheteau did not join Clark in the later lawsuit. Now, he says Clark did nothing to earn his money. "He didn't do crap for her, " Rocheteau said. "He did nothing."
Forrest agreed. "Richard Clark never introduced me to anyone, " she wrote. Clark's current attorney and partner, Michael Getelman, disagreed. "We did do public relations and we did do consulting work. We gave her the knowledge of how to weave her way." The contract was to last one year, but the parties agreed to extend it until 1997, after Clark guaranteed two lines of credit for Forrest totaling $80,000.
Clark's lawsuit says Forrest paid his firm $71,425 and still owes $163,968, including interest.
Even with the steady flow of money from the airport, Forrest couldn't pay her bills, saying she hit hurdles in other construction jobs that delayed payments to her company. "Things back up, " she testified in her company's bankruptcy case. "You pay Peter or you don't pay Paul." She also had problems at DAC.
SERIES OF COMPLAINTS
Partner's employees fumed; then came 'civil theft' case
Her airport employees began complaining about paychecks coming in late, or about checks that didn't clear. In 1998, they complained to DAC's managers in a memo that a Forrest employee turned up at a doctor's appointment "only to find out that the employee could not be seen by the doctor due to disenrollment because of nonpayment of premiums."
The employees fumed that Forrest deducted money from their checks for insurance payments, but didn't pay the bill.
"Since this money was fraudulently removed from our paychecks with the intent to pay the insurance carrier, and because you did not do this, then you have breached the contractual agreement you had with us, " employees wrote in a follow-up letter to Forrest on Nov. 17, 1998.
That year, Forrest Construction filed for bankruptcy protection after running up a $55,000 debt to the Internal Revenue Service and listing total liabilities of $155,701. But a judge later dismissed the case.
Soon, the lawsuits started mounting.
Last year, insurance company Casualty Reciprocal Exchange accused Forrest of playing a major role in "a scheme to embezzle funds." The insurer's attorneys say Forrest conspired with Casualty employees to secretly write checks to one of her businesses. The total allegedly embezzled: $144,957.
When Forrest failed to appear in court, a judge entered default judgments for "civil theft, " assessing triple damages against her and her companies. In February of this year, another judge prohibited Forrest from "engaging persons in employment" until she pays the state $17,086 in unemployment taxes that she and Forrest Construction owe. She has not paid, court records show. Yet she still employs nine DAC workers.
'All past problems are corrected, ' she wrote
Forrest declined to address the legal issues in detail, saying several matters remain pending. She said she asked the judge to dismiss the bankruptcy, and is negotiating with the state to pay the unemployment taxes. She did not address a Herald question about the embezzlement allegation, saying only that she hadn't appeared in court because she couldn't afford an attorney and that she is close to resolving the problem.
"As a small business, we encounter difficulties on many fronts, including the cash flow problems, which affects everything else we are responsible for, " Forrest wrote. "All past problems are corrected."
In July, DAC paid $37,611 on her behalf to settle a lawsuit filed by one of her creditors. The consultant has also covered paychecks to her employees several times. "I just can't go, 'The minute she has problems, kick her out of the joint venture, ' " said Massman, the DAC program manager.
The airport is also indirectly sending money to Richard Clark as he enjoys retirement in a quiet fold of the Blue Ridge Mountains. He is a paid lobbyist for a politically connected group that has earned $311 million in gross revenue over seven years running MIA's Duty Free stores.
The Miami-Dade inspector general recently issued a report about that joint venture. Its finding: The minority partners in that job did little but collect money.