Cuban immigrants share precious family heirlooms to show history of Cuban exiles by Janey Fugate Julia Adán Pelegrín, 71, opened a black suitcase full of faded elegant shirts. Those shirts, she explained, belonged to her father, Emilio Adán Silva, when he was a Supreme Court justice in Cuba, and they represented his life before he and 12 other justices signed a letter denouncing Fidel Castro’s government. Eight years later, his family moved to Miami. Those shirts, Pelegrín says, represent the sacrifice her father made for his family and express the pride she feels. “These are not only memories but items of everyday use when Cuba existed as a nation,” Adán said. “[These shirts] were on the streets of Havana. They lived there.” Such feelings of pride and nostalgia prevailed Saturday in the lobby of the Freedom Tower, when dozens of Cubans gathered to donate or lend objects of historic interest that document their exile experience. More than 300 items — passports, documents, photos, clothes — will be part of an exhibit that will open at the tower in September. The inauguration of the exhibit is a key step in the preservation of Cuban history, said Alina Interián, host of the event and executive director of Miami Dade College cultural affairs. “We want to pay tribute to the people to whom this tower means so much,” said Interián, who also was processed at the Freedom Tower when she arrived from Cuba. Between 1962 and 1974, Cuban refugees were processed at the tower, known as “The Refuge.” It was added to the United States National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2008. The exhibit, titled “The Exile Experience: Journey to Freedom,” is a collaboration between Miami Dade College and the Miami Herald Media Company. Its objective is to document, preserve and share the history of the difficulties the exiled Cuban community went through since Fidel Castro’s rise to power. The facility has deserved a project like this for some time, said Luisa Meruelo, 93, who worked for the tower’s immigration service for nine years. “I was always wondering why no one had done something about the refugees here,” Meruelo said. “This is a long story, a beautiful story.” The exhibit is a way to thank the nation that gave them refuge during that turbulent time, she said. “We have to thank the people of the United States for being so generous to us at a very difficult time,” she said. Now, the museum can show items like the first coins earned in this country, the tie that an immigrant was wearing when he arrived, a wedding gown and the tiny dress of a 3-year-old. To the people who wore them, these items are intimately associated with the difficult experience of having to abandon their native country. One of those people was Mercy Advocat, who arrived in 1962 with her brother in the Pedro Pan Operation. That exodus took place between 1960 and 1962 and brought more than 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban children to the United States. “The last thing our parents told us before leaving was that my brother and I should never be separated,” Advocat said. “We then boarded the plane and, when we landed, the first thing they did was separate us — the girls from the boys.” Advocat and her brother eventually were sent to the same foster home in Albuquerque, N.M., and they ended doing what their parents had told them. After two years, they were reunited with their mother in New York. The black-and-white photos Advocat brought to the tower show her mother’s tears when she reunited with her children. She is lending those photos and a doll brought from Cuba — some of her most precious keepsakes — to the museum. She is not ready to part with them yet. “I’m not so old to have to donate them,” she said. © 2014 Miami Herald Media Company. All Rights Reserved. Read more here:

Marta Alvarez Carvajal

General Information
Current Name
Marta Alvarez Carvajal
Current Location
United States of America
Name on Arrival
Marta Alvarez Carvajal
Age on Arrival
Date of Arrival
Wednesday, September 20, 1961
Relocated To
1020 SW 2 St, Miami
Haiti Pedro Pan
Marta has volunteered to help the children of Haiti. Find out how you can help, too.

Marta's Story

I remember seeing my mother through the glass pane of the airport and wondering why she was crying. I could tell even though she had sunglasses on. I asked the then "stewardess" for chicle (gum) be...

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Marta has updated their profile.

Status update | Jan 26th 2010

01/24/10 Querida hermana: Se me encoje el corazón de pensar en tus padres.....una niñita de 5 años.......Yo tuve una en casa de mis foster llama Lucía Morejón y diera cualquier cosa por saber de esa "pulguita" que tanto trabajo nos daba para bañarla....Lucy era alérgica al baño....Cuando tengas tiempo ve a mi profile y ahí la veràs es una muñequita....desafortunadamente de esto hace 47 años y la madre de Lucy la dió para que la decir su familia nunca vino de Cuba....le pido a Dios que nos deje saber de ella....aunque serà muy difícil(solamente un milagro nos darà información de Lucy)....pero bendito Dios tu familia sí vino..... Recibe un fuerte abrazo, Otmara Capote

Message by Otmara Capote Gonzalez | Jan 24th 2010

Marta has uploaded new photos.

Status update | Jan 20th 2010

Marta has signed up to volunteer for the Haiti Pedro Pan group.

Status update | Jan 20th 2010

Marta has updated their profile.

Status update | Jan 20th 2010

marti,ileft you a message call me am so glad to hear from you of course i remember you. ebel 305 2525000

Message by Marcia Caridad Ramos Gonzalez | Jun 10th 2009

call me 305-252-5000

Message by Marcia Caridad Ramos Gonzalez | May 21st 2009

yes,thats me,

Message by ebel | May 20th 2009

This is Ebel's daughter... he isn't too good with the internet. But I read him the message and he does remember you. Yes, he worked for Bellsouth. : )

Message by Ebel A Perez | May 17th 2009

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