Cuban immigrants share precious family heirlooms to show history of Cuban exiles by Janey Fugate Julia Adán Pelegrín, 71, opened a black suitcase full of faded elegant shirts. Those shirts, she explained, belonged to her father, Emilio Adán Silva, when he was a Supreme Court justice in Cuba, and they represented his life before he and 12 other justices signed a letter denouncing Fidel Castro’s government. Eight years later, his family moved to Miami. Those shirts, Pelegrín says, represent the sacrifice her father made for his family and express the pride she feels. “These are not only memories but items of everyday use when Cuba existed as a nation,” Adán said. “[These shirts] were on the streets of Havana. They lived there.” Such feelings of pride and nostalgia prevailed Saturday in the lobby of the Freedom Tower, when dozens of Cubans gathered to donate or lend objects of historic interest that document their exile experience. More than 300 items — passports, documents, photos, clothes — will be part of an exhibit that will open at the tower in September. The inauguration of the exhibit is a key step in the preservation of Cuban history, said Alina Interián, host of the event and executive director of Miami Dade College cultural affairs. “We want to pay tribute to the people to whom this tower means so much,” said Interián, who also was processed at the Freedom Tower when she arrived from Cuba. Between 1962 and 1974, Cuban refugees were processed at the tower, known as “The Refuge.” It was added to the United States National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2008. The exhibit, titled “The Exile Experience: Journey to Freedom,” is a collaboration between Miami Dade College and the Miami Herald Media Company. Its objective is to document, preserve and share the history of the difficulties the exiled Cuban community went through since Fidel Castro’s rise to power. The facility has deserved a project like this for some time, said Luisa Meruelo, 93, who worked for the tower’s immigration service for nine years. “I was always wondering why no one had done something about the refugees here,” Meruelo said. “This is a long story, a beautiful story.” The exhibit is a way to thank the nation that gave them refuge during that turbulent time, she said. “We have to thank the people of the United States for being so generous to us at a very difficult time,” she said. Now, the museum can show items like the first coins earned in this country, the tie that an immigrant was wearing when he arrived, a wedding gown and the tiny dress of a 3-year-old. To the people who wore them, these items are intimately associated with the difficult experience of having to abandon their native country. One of those people was Mercy Advocat, who arrived in 1962 with her brother in the Pedro Pan Operation. That exodus took place between 1960 and 1962 and brought more than 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban children to the United States. “The last thing our parents told us before leaving was that my brother and I should never be separated,” Advocat said. “We then boarded the plane and, when we landed, the first thing they did was separate us — the girls from the boys.” Advocat and her brother eventually were sent to the same foster home in Albuquerque, N.M., and they ended doing what their parents had told them. After two years, they were reunited with their mother in New York. The black-and-white photos Advocat brought to the tower show her mother’s tears when she reunited with her children. She is lending those photos and a doll brought from Cuba — some of her most precious keepsakes — to the museum. She is not ready to part with them yet. “I’m not so old to have to donate them,” she said. © 2014 Miami Herald Media Company. All Rights Reserved. Read more here:

Jose R Mendoza Toll

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Current Name
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Current Location
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Name on Arrival
Jose R Mendoza Toll
Age on Arrival
Date of Arrival
Tuesday, May 29, 1962
Relocated To
CWB Matecumbe

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May you rest in Peace! Jose R. Mendoza, 63, of Iowa City, died from injuries suffered in a car accident Tuesday, Feb. 15, 2011. Funeral services will be 2 p.m. Sunday, Feb. 20, at St. Patrick’s Catholic Church in Iowa City. Visitation will be from 4 to 7 p.m. Saturday at Gay & Ciha Funeral and Cremation Service in Iowa City. Jose Rodolfo Mendoza was born Jan. 19, 1948, in Santiago, Cuba, the son of Jose and Engracia Mendoza. His family moved to the United States in 1962. Jose attended and graduated from high school in Red Oak, Iowa, in the class of 1967. He had been a resident of Iowa City since 1970, attending the University of Iowa here. Jose was united in marriage to Nancy Wagner on March 17, 1973, at St. Patrick’s Catholic Church in Iowa City. In retirement Jose has enjoy driving cab for Yellow Cab, having recently received the Outstanding Service Award from the company. Jose was one of those who never met a stranger, would give the shirt off his back to those in need, and no matter what time of day or night, no matter what you needed, he would be there to help. He belonged to St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, enjoyed bowling in various leagues over the years, golfing, camping in their motor home, gardening, landscaping, playing the slots at the casino, but most of all, most dear to him was his family! His family includes his wife, Nancy; daughter and her husband, Michelle and Bryan Lord of Iowa City; sister-in-law, Suzanne Mendoza of Glendale Heights, Ill.; nephew, Anthony Mendoza (Lauren) of Glendale Heights, Ill.; and of course Nancy’s siblings, all who loved Jose, Shirley Mayfield of Iowa City, Bill Wagner (Muriel) of Iowa City, Mick Wagner (Angie Cowart) of Abilene, Kan., Mary Ann Davis (Doug) of Riverside, Richard Wagner (Janet) of Casselberry, Fla., Joann Klein (Michael) of Waterville, Iowa and Sharon Gilkerson (Scott) of Panama City Beach, Fla.; and numerous other nieces, nephews and good friends. A memorial fund has been established in Jose’s memory. Source: Jose Rodolfo Mendoza Toll and his late brother Fernando M. were relocated from Camp Matecumbe to a foster home in Euphrata, Washington. They were reunited with their parents in Iowa shortly thereafter.

Message by Jose Antonio Amaro Reyes | Jun 4th 2013

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