Cuban immigrants share precious family heirlooms to show history of Cuban exiles by Janey Fugate Julia Adán Pelegrín, 71, opened a black suitcase full of faded elegant shirts. Those shirts, she explained, belonged to her father, Emilio Adán Silva, when he was a Supreme Court justice in Cuba, and they represented his life before he and 12 other justices signed a letter denouncing Fidel Castro’s government. Eight years later, his family moved to Miami. Those shirts, Pelegrín says, represent the sacrifice her father made for his family and express the pride she feels. “These are not only memories but items of everyday use when Cuba existed as a nation,” Adán said. “[These shirts] were on the streets of Havana. They lived there.” Such feelings of pride and nostalgia prevailed Saturday in the lobby of the Freedom Tower, when dozens of Cubans gathered to donate or lend objects of historic interest that document their exile experience. More than 300 items — passports, documents, photos, clothes — will be part of an exhibit that will open at the tower in September. The inauguration of the exhibit is a key step in the preservation of Cuban history, said Alina Interián, host of the event and executive director of Miami Dade College cultural affairs. “We want to pay tribute to the people to whom this tower means so much,” said Interián, who also was processed at the Freedom Tower when she arrived from Cuba. Between 1962 and 1974, Cuban refugees were processed at the tower, known as “The Refuge.” It was added to the United States National Register of Historic Places in 1979 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 2008. The exhibit, titled “The Exile Experience: Journey to Freedom,” is a collaboration between Miami Dade College and the Miami Herald Media Company. Its objective is to document, preserve and share the history of the difficulties the exiled Cuban community went through since Fidel Castro’s rise to power. The facility has deserved a project like this for some time, said Luisa Meruelo, 93, who worked for the tower’s immigration service for nine years. “I was always wondering why no one had done something about the refugees here,” Meruelo said. “This is a long story, a beautiful story.” The exhibit is a way to thank the nation that gave them refuge during that turbulent time, she said. “We have to thank the people of the United States for being so generous to us at a very difficult time,” she said. Now, the museum can show items like the first coins earned in this country, the tie that an immigrant was wearing when he arrived, a wedding gown and the tiny dress of a 3-year-old. To the people who wore them, these items are intimately associated with the difficult experience of having to abandon their native country. One of those people was Mercy Advocat, who arrived in 1962 with her brother in the Pedro Pan Operation. That exodus took place between 1960 and 1962 and brought more than 14,000 unaccompanied Cuban children to the United States. “The last thing our parents told us before leaving was that my brother and I should never be separated,” Advocat said. “We then boarded the plane and, when we landed, the first thing they did was separate us — the girls from the boys.” Advocat and her brother eventually were sent to the same foster home in Albuquerque, N.M., and they ended doing what their parents had told them. After two years, they were reunited with their mother in New York. The black-and-white photos Advocat brought to the tower show her mother’s tears when she reunited with her children. She is lending those photos and a doll brought from Cuba — some of her most precious keepsakes — to the museum. She is not ready to part with them yet. “I’m not so old to have to donate them,” she said. © 2014 Miami Herald Media Company. All Rights Reserved. Read more here:

Maria de los Angeles Hernandez Valero

General Information
Current Name
Maria De Los Angeles Hernandez Valero
Current Location
United States of America
Name on Arrival
Maria de los Angeles Hernandez Valero
Age on Arrival
Date of Arrival
Saturday, February 17, 1962
Relocated To
CWB Florida City
Stayed With
Familia Alcoz

Maria de los Angeles's Story

I came to the US with my younger brother Nicolas Pablo who was 10 years of age at the time, and I was 12. As soon as we arrived in Miami, we were taken to The Florida City Camp where we stayed until ...

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Maria de los Angeles's News Feed

Leave a public message for Maria de los Angeles.

Maria de los Angeles has updated their profile.

Status update | Jun 17th 2013


Message by VIVIAN PAZ PAZ | Jun 15th 2013

Hello Maria. I noticed your maternal last name is Valero. What is your mothers full name and did she have family in Camaguey? I ask because my maternal last name is Valero and my mothers family is from Camaguey.

Message by Marta Castillo Valero | Jun 4th 2013

Maria de los Angeles has updated their profile.

Status update | Apr 20th 2013

María de los Angeles: I have two powerpoint/videos in YouTube describing Operation Pedro Pan, in my own words. If you would like to see them, just go to YouTube and in search write my name. The two presentations are at the end of a series of interviews. Hope you like them. Eloísa

Message by Eloísa Echazábal | Apr 18th 2013

Maria de los Angeles says: I wish I had money to produce a movie about the Operation Pedro Pan. Our story is not well known, and it should be told!!!!!

Status update | Apr 18th 2013

Great story! I'm glad you're able to debunk at least in part that historical travesty of a film by Castro- and Chavez-loving Oliver Stone: JFK. I had read about your academic and professional accomplishments someplace else and I commend you for your love of knowledge, exceptional perseverance and outstanding professional commitment. Undoubtedly, you are one of the reasons why Pedro Pans are held in such high esteem by freedom-loving people throughout the world. I wish you well now and in the future. By the way, I would like to see you write about your Pedro Pan experience as a child in Louisiana. I look forward to reading it! José Antonio Amaro Reyes.

Message by Jose Antonio Amaro Reyes | Apr 18th 2013

Maria de los Angeles has updated their profile.

Status update | Apr 18th 2013

Maria de los Angeles has updated their profile.

Status update | Jan 4th 2013

Maria de los Angeles has joined the Pedro Pan Network. Please welcome them!

Status update | Oct 3rd 2011

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