Rest of Iraq asks: where’s the U.S.?

 

McClatchy Foreign Staff

As U.S. warplanes tilt the battlefield against Islamic militants in Kurdish-controlled territories, Iraqis in the rest of the country are growing resentful that the U.S. so far is not intervening more forcefully to protect Arabs who have been fighting extremists for months.

They see the U.S. wading in to protect a favored ally in Iraq’s Kurdish Regional Government, but leaving the rest of Iraq to fend for itself since militants in the Islamic State displaced hundreds of thousands of Shiite Arabs when they seized the city of Mosul in June.

“From the beginning, the Iraqi government has asked America to step in to a dangerous situation for the Shiites,” said Farid al Ibrahimi, a Shiite lawmaker. “When (the Islamic State) tried to attack the Kurdistan region, the movement by the Americans was so, so, so fast.”

Calls from Iraq’s Shiite majority for more bombings come as the Islamic State retreats from its advance in the Kurdish north but continues to hold significant territory in the country’s Sunni Arab west and middle.

Other factions in Iraq also are clamoring for more U.S. military assistance. Some say they want Western forces to drive out the Islamic State because they don’t trust their own military not to inflict excessive collateral damage or to refrain from payback assaults on Sunni Arabs who stayed in territory held by the extremists.

“If America doesn’t help us, we will never go back,” said Bashir Hassan, 59, an Iraqi Turkman who has been homeless for nearly two months since the Islamic State attacked his village near the city of Tal Afar.

He’s a Shiite Muslim who no longer trusts his Sunni neighbors since militants moved into their community, and, he says, helped the Islamic State raid his home.

The extremist group’s high-water mark came Aug. 3, when it set off fears that it could hit the Kurdish capital of Irbil following an assault on the Kurdish city of Sinjar that drove tens of thousands of people into mountain hideaways.

The Kurds control a semiautonomous region in northern Iraq and they have long sought independence. They’ve been close U.S. allies since the Gulf War, when the U.S. created a no-fly zone that protected them from Saddam Hussein’s military.

On Sunday, U.S. jets hammered Islamic State positions near the Mosul Dam, clearing a path for Iraqi counter-terrorism and Kurdish troops to retake a facility that powers Iraq’s second largest city.

Closer to the capital, Baghdad residents have been bracing for attacks by the Islamic State since the group seized territory in Anbar Province in January.

“Soon next would be fall of Baghdad” tweeted one Islamic State representative on Sunday. The battle “will last for months.”

President Barack Obama on Aug. 7 authorized U.S. airstrikes in Iraq to protect U.S. personnel and to support humanitarian measures intended to free members of the Yazidi religious sect who had become trapped by the Islamic State after they fled Sinjar.

The order carried an implied agreement to protect Baghdad, which houses America’s largest embassy, but did not explicitly authorize strikes elsewhere in Iraq.

Obama told The New York Times that he did not launch strikes sooner because he wanted to pressure Prime Minister Nouri al Maliki’s supporters to choose a new leader who might settle longstanding disagreements among Iraq’s warring factions by nurturing a more inclusive government.

Since then, Maliki’s party selected lawmaker Haider al Abadi to follow Maliki, opening the door to increased American military support. U.S. officials have not described what kind of assistance they might offer, or said whether it would include airstrikes south of the traditionally Kurdish territory.

Shiites want a more explicit commitment now that they have rejected Maliki, as the Americans wanted.

“America is in charge of the defense of Iraq from whatever risk because America was the reason for the destruction of the infrastructure of Iraq and leaving the Iraqi army out of order, so they are obliged to protect Iraq,” said Razzaq al Hadari, a Shiite lawmaker from the Badr Bloc.

He called the U.S. “somehow lazy” in its reaction to the Islamic State’s first assault on Mosul.

Sunni leaders, likewise, have been calling for more direct intervention from the U.S. military. Jamila al Obeidi, a Sunni parliament member, wants U.S. assistance because she believes the Iraqi air force has hit too many innocents in its strikes on contested areas, such as her home city of Mosul.

Other Sunni tribal leaders have been seeking U.S. assistance to turn back extremists in their communities, an echo of the 2007 “Sunni Awakening” in Anbar Province when tribes worked with the U.S. military to expel al Qaida militants operating in their towns.

But some Iraqis are just as adamant that the U.S. should stay of Iraq as they were during the American occupation.

“The Americans are our enemies,” said Abu Faroq Jumaili, a former Iraqi army lieutenant colonel during Saddam’s regime. He is now leading fighters opposed to the Iraqi government in Anbar Province.

He said American bombs would fall on the very Iraqis who are now asking for more U.S. support.

“How did they forget that the Americans hit and bombed their houses? They are not far away from an air strike that will hit their houses again. We don’t trust the Americans,” he said.

McClatchy special correspondents Hussein Kadhim and Jamal Naji contributed to this report.

Ashton reports for The News Tribune of Tacoma, Wash. Email: adam.ashton@thenewstribune.com

Read more World Wires stories from the Miami Herald

  • Thai police hunt for killer of 2 British tourists

    Police on the scenic resort island of Koh Tao in southern Thailand conducted a sweep of hotels and workers' residences Tuesday searching for clues into the slayings of two British tourists whose nearly naked, battered bodies were found on a beach a day earlier.

  •  
In this Aug. 24, 2014 photo, Twry Pataxo, center, a member of the 11,000-strong Pataxo tribe, holds a ceremony at her home in the Mare slum in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Twry organizes monthly meetings at her two-room cinderblock home for indigenous people from the Mare and beyond. They close their meetings with chants, dances and a prayer.

    Brazil's indigenous seek out city, end up in slums

    They huddle in a tight circle, shaking seed-filled maracas and shuffling in time to a rhythm that has pulsed through their tribes for generations. The dancers raise their voices in song, conjuring an ancient spirit that vibrates above the traffic roaring from a nearby expressway and the beat of funk music blasting from a neighbor's loudspeaker.

  •  
Tourists sit on the concrete stairs in the service area of a resort after the designated area for shelter was destroyed by winds in Los Cabos, Mexico,  Monday, Sept. 15, 2014. Hurricane Odile raked the Baja California Peninsula with strong winds and heavy rains early Monday as locals and tourists in the resort area of Los Cabos began to emerge from shelters and assess the damage.

    Weakening Odile pushes up Mexico's Baja California

    A weakening Tropical Storm Odile pushed up Mexico's Baja California Peninsula early Tuesday, dumping heavy rains that could bring dangerous flash floods and mudslides but also a potential boon to the drought-stricken region.

Miami Herald

Join the
Discussion

The Miami Herald is pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news. Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere on the site or in the newspaper. We encourage lively, open debate on the issues of the day, and ask that you refrain from profanity, hate speech, personal comments and remarks that are off point. Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.

The Miami Herald uses Facebook's commenting system. You need to log in with a Facebook account in order to comment. If you have questions about commenting with your Facebook account, click here.

Have a news tip? You can send it anonymously. Click here to send us your tip - or - consider joining the Public Insight Network and become a source for The Miami Herald and el Nuevo Herald.

Hide Comments

This affects comments on all stories.

Cancel OK

  • Marketplace

Today's Circulars

  • Quick Job Search

Enter Keyword(s) Enter City Select a State Select a Category