WASHINGTON -- The FBI and Justice Department didn't move quickly enough to identify the cases handled by 13 FBI crime lab examiners whose work was found to be flawed, meaning defendants sometimes were never notified that their convictions may have been based on bad science, according to a harshly critical government report released Wednesday.
The report from the department's inspector general said it took the FBI nearly five years to identify the more than 60 death-row defendants whose cases involved analysis or testimony from one or more of the 13 examiners.
At least three inmates were executed before their cases were identified for further review. In one of those cases, the 1997 execution of Benjamin H. Boyle in Texas, an independent scientist later determined that the FBI lab analysis was scientifically unsupportable and the testimony incorrect, the report said. Because the department and the FBI didn't immediately alert state authorities that convictions might be called into question, prosecutors had no reason to consider delaying an execution, the report said.
The report was the inspector general's third since 1997 to focus on irregularities at the main FBI lab, where scientists examine crime-scene evidence.
After one scientist at the FBI lab complained 20 years ago that some staffers were fabricating evidence and reaching conclusions unsupported by science, the Justice Department created a task force in 1996 to look into the problem and identify cases that needed further review. The new report examines the work of the task force between 1996 and 2004.
The task force reviewed more than 7,600 state and federal cases that involved the 13 criticized crime lab examiners, but did not prioritize death penalty cases or treat them all the same way, the report said. That inconsistency showed "the inattentiveness of everyone involved in the process and a lack of focus on the need to treat those cases with urgency," the report said. It added that the department had understaffed the task force and improperly limited its review by excluding whole categories of cases, including those before 1985 or those in which the defendant had died or had a conviction overturned.
The FBI identified more than 60 death-penalty cases handled by at least one of the examiners, but there's no evidence that local prosecutors or prisoner advocates were notified that convictions in their states might be problematic, the report said.
The report recommended that states allow FBI retesting of physical evidence, if available, for 24 death row defendants who were executed or who died in prison while on death row. It said the FBI also should notify lawyers for another 26 defendants who are on death row or awaiting resentencing about any completed report done by independent scientists in those cases.
The Justice Department said it agreed with the report's recommendations and was in the process of complying with them, but took issue with some of the inspector general's assertions.
Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, the top Republican on the Senate Judiciary Committee, called the inspector general's report "shocking" and said the Justice Department should be "ashamed and embarrassed."