VICTOR GUZMAN

100 years old, and still growing

 
 
Victor Guzman has been helping farmers in Palm Beach County since 1952.
Victor Guzman has been helping farmers in Palm Beach County since 1952.
UF/IFAS

ifas.ufl.edu

Victor Guzman showed up at the Everglades Research and Education Center in Belle Glade in 1952 with what he remembers as simple instructions from his boss in Gainesville: “Go down to the Glades and solve the problems of the farmers.”

He’s still at it.

Several times a week the 100-year-old Guzman climbs the stairs to his second- floor warren of offices. There are no elevators at the center, and he flat-out refused first-floor working space. He still drives himself to work 27 years after his retirement from the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

Stubborn? Perhaps. But there’s a tremendous upside to that — persistence. It’s that part of him that anchored his conviction that he could help farmers grow lettuce on muck soils. Local grower David Basore said that without Guzman’s groundbreaking breeding work, there simply would be no $32-million-a-year lettuce industry in Palm Beach County. Guzman is probably the man most responsible for making it possible for you to eat a salad grown near Lake Okeechobee.

UF/IFAS threw two 100th birthday parties last month. One was for Guzman. He consented to a ground-floor celebration. The other, in Gainesville, marked the centennial of the Cooperative Extension Service.

During the Depression, Extension agents taught farm groups about marketing and farm women about home economics to help families survive. They provided seeds, fertilizer and tools to support the Victory Gardens of World War II. They brought new technologies to farmers that have increased harvests, even as the number of farms has declined. Obviously, Extension knows a thing or two about persistence, as well.

These days, Everglades Extension agents can help you monitor pest populations, identify the bugs in your garden or on your crops, diagnose plant diseases and grow better tomatoes. In short, they continue to solve problems.

Guzman a native of Peru, got his bachelor’s degree at La Molina National Agrarian University, his master’s at the Universtiy of Florida and his Ph.D. at Cornell. His portfolio of research responsibilities remains as wide open as they were in 1952. He says he’s free to investigate whatever he wants. No one in Gaineville tells Victor Guzman what to do.

Nor does Guzman tell farmers what to do. The key, he says, is to show, not tell. In the 1950s he found celery farmers using crews to weed the land by hand. Guzman didn’t try to coax them to use his herbicide to kill weeds without killing celery. He just asked for a demonstration plot and showed them it worked.

Today, Guzman’s offices have bookshelves filled with yellowing binders, a couple of typewriters (though he uses a computer nowadays), packets of seeds and metal file drawers that recall old library card catalogs. He also stores in his offices several bags of the product of his latest breeding project. They might hold the genesis of a new Florida crop, a bush-grown bean. They might also represent years of work for naught.

Guzman doesn’t profess to know. He simply says, “You never can tell.” He says his “system” is not to worry.

In an age when gene jockeys look for biotech shortcuts to identify the most pest-resistant, drought-tolerant, nutrient-packed, sweetest-tasting produce, there’s still a role for an old man who can walk a lettuce field with eyes that can see what centrifuges and bioinformatics data bases can’t. Eyes that take the long view.

Guzman’s recent birthday party and the centennial celebration of Extension remind us and our quick-fix culture that solving problems takes time. They also remind us that most solutions are temporary. New challenges follow close on their heels. The Glades farmers’ problems haven’t all been solved.

People and institutions that get to have 100th birthday parties don’t get discouraged by this. It’s just an opportunity to build a century-long legacy of problem-solving.

Jack Payne is the senior vice president of agriculture and natural resources at the University of Florida’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences in Gainesville.

Read more Other Views stories from the Miami Herald

  •  
DOCKERY

    FLORIDA POLITICS

    RPOF’s deliberate strategy to twist the truth

    As a lifelong Republican and a legislator for many years, I have seen a disturbing change in the Republican Party of Florida, its policies and its tone. I’m particularly troubled by the willingness, if not deliberate strategy, to twist the truth.

  •  
 <span class="cutline_leadin">CIVIL RIGHTS:</span> Attorney General Eric Holder talks with Capt. Ron Johnson of the State Highway Patrol after arriving in Missouri on Wednesday to look into the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson and the ensuing protests.

    FERGUSON

    State leaders strangely silent on events in Ferguson

    The silence scares me.

  •  
FAIR

    MIAMI-DADE PUBLIC SCHOOLS

    Unequal access, unequal results at Miami-Dade County Schools

    The research is clear that teachers are the most significant in-school factor affecting student achievement. Yet, across the country, we see a persistent and shameful pattern, whereby low-income students of color are far more likely to have the least experienced and least effective teachers.

Miami Herald

Join the
Discussion

The Miami Herald is pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news. Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere on the site or in the newspaper. We encourage lively, open debate on the issues of the day, and ask that you refrain from profanity, hate speech, personal comments and remarks that are off point. Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.

The Miami Herald uses Facebook's commenting system. You need to log in with a Facebook account in order to comment. If you have questions about commenting with your Facebook account, click here.

Have a news tip? You can send it anonymously. Click here to send us your tip - or - consider joining the Public Insight Network and become a source for The Miami Herald and el Nuevo Herald.

Hide Comments

This affects comments on all stories.

Cancel OK

  • Marketplace

Today's Circulars

  • Quick Job Search

Enter Keyword(s) Enter City Select a State Select a Category