Charlotte Amalie


Hebrew Congregation of St. Thomas

Visiting hours: 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Friday.

Services: Shabbat services are 6:30 p.m. Friday and 10:30 a.m. Saturday.

If you are walking: Starting on the flats of the busy business district of Main Street, turn onto Raadets Gade and walk to the top of the hill, then turn left. The synagogue is on your right.

From the docks: Just ask for the synagogue. We were charged $14 for three passengers for a 10-minute cab ride.

Admission: There is a box for donations and, for $36 annually, nearly 1,500 people worldwide are Chai members of the congregation. The synagogue’s 15th annual Antiques, Art & Collectibles Auction will be held Feb. 9.

Information: 340-774-4312;,

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

In the tropical climate of the U.S. Virgin Islands, it doesn’t seem particularly strange to walk inside a building and find sand beneath your feet, as you do when passing through the arched entryway of the Hebrew Congregation of St. Thomas.

There’s a story behind the sand, as there is for almost every nook of the landmark building nestled into the Caribbean island streetscape known as Synagogue Hill.

When our trio stepped off the cruise ship Norwegian Epic, my sister, brother-in-law and I had but one site in mind: The St. Thomas synagogue had been a destination for friends and family members before us, and now we were to make the pilgrimage to the second-oldest synagogue in the Western Hemisphere and longest-running congregation under the American flag.

Charlotte Amalie, the capital and largest city on the island, harbors steep streets, and we had heard the trek was hard on weak knees, so we opted to take a cab. An address was unnecessary. We just said, “The synagogue, please,” and 10 minutes later we were there, near the top of a residential street and beside a car with a sign in its window that read “CANTOR IS IN THE SYNAGOGUE.”

After taking pictures beside the National Historic Landmark plaque, designated in 1997, we ascended into the rectangular, high-ceilinged sanctuary, where the Holy Ark along the eastern wall had been opened to reveal a grouping of six Torahs (scrolls of scripture), much like the ones I’d known from temples in American cities, and one unfamiliar silhouette in the center, a decorated wooden cylinder that turned out to be a Moroccan Torah.

A woman wearing a yarmulke and tallis — a traditional hat and prayer shawl — paused from talking and taking pictures with a family and told us to check out the museum in the back and that she would be with us shortly.

The congregation was founded in 1796 by Sephardic Jews, many of whom arrived on island shores after fleeing the Spanish Inquisition. By 1803, the congregation had swelled with arrivals from other European countries and island colonies. In its early years, the congregation occupied several synagogues, two of which were destroyed by fire and one of which it outgrew. The building we were standing in was completed in 1833.

Only once in all the passing years, when Hurricane Marilyn struck St. Thomas in 1995, were Sabbath services not held here.

We walked on sand covering a ceramic-tile floor, past long mahogany benches to the Weibel Museum, a rectangular space behind more Moorish arches at the far end of the sanctuary, facing the entrance.Here, images and plaques commemorate the history of St. Thomas’ Jewish population, from congregants to governors of the island.

While palm trees waved outside an open window, we began our education about the Jewish settlers who had arrived on St. Thomas starting in the 17th century. The first Reform Confirmation service in the New World was said to have been held here in 1843, and today, the congregation is a member of the Union for Reform Judaism.

We were also to learn about “the Jewish pirates of the Caribbean” (check out the Random House book of the same name by Edward Kritzler), who aided Gen. George Washington’s Continental Army with materials that found their way through British blockades. Among them were settlers from the Dutch colony of St. Eustatius, who sided with Washington’s upstarts because they believed he was fighting for religious freedom.

When the British came after the St. Eustatius colonists, many fled to St. Thomas.

This part of the island’s history was told to us by cantorial soloist Diane Becker Krasnick, a Wisconsin native and the talkative, informative guide for our synagogue experience on a Thursday afternoon.

Oh, and the sand. She could go on and on about that.

There are four sand-floor synagogues in the Western Hemisphere, she said, including on the island of Curacao, where the earliest settlement dates to the arrival of Sephardic Jews in 1651. (St. Thomas’ Jewish settlers first arrived about 1655.)

By some accounts, the sand floors relate to 40 years spent wandering the desert in search of the Holy Land. More likely, said Becker Krasnick, the covering commemorates the way Spanish Jews were forced to practice their religion in secret.

She explained that the only way to survive the Inquisition was to convert — or pretend to convert. The cantor said Jews would hide mezuzahs (doorpost scrolls) in the feet of statues of the Madonna at the entrance to their homes. They also would practice their religion in cellars and muffle the sound by spreading sand on the floors above, which is the most likely explanation for the indoor sand floors.

The synagogue was built in the Sephardic style, with congregants facing each other and with the elevated platform or bimah opposite the Ark containing the Torahs. The building contains the original mahogany Ark doors, bimah and pews, now with velvety blue seat cushions, which are in stark contrast to the white-plastered walls. The lighting that dangles throughout the space includes an 18-arm Baccarat central chandelier and brass torcheres, candelabras and sconces.

The square area in the center of the interior is defined by four Ionic columns resting on tall pedestals, as described by the National Park Service website. About halfway up the columns are two-armed antique brass chandeliers, modernized for electric lights.

There are about 60 current resident members of the congregation, and others including snowbirds and people worldwide who support the historic building who are regular or occasional worshipers.

For three cruising visitors on a Thursday afternoon in early November, the visit was both a history lesson and a spiritual experience. The cantor revealed a rescued Torah with an inventory number on it — put there by Nazi looters of a defunct Czech synagogue. The scroll is on loan until another synagogue is built in the Czech Republic. She also read a small portion from the Moroccan Torah and, before we left, said a blessing with us.

Then we said our goodbyes and walked down the hill to the busy business district on Main Street. It was teeming with tourists, but my thoughts were back in the synagogue, a sandy oasis on a humid day on St. Thomas.

Read more Latin American & Caribbean Travel stories from the Miami Herald

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