ECONOMY

Jobs report to help show if growth is for real

 

Key government measure of employment due Friday could verify the economy’s strength or cast the picture as a continuing muddle.

Associated Press

The U.S. economy is growing faster, corporate profits are rising and companies are laying off the fewest workers in six years.

The latest government reports point to economic momentum in the midst of the critical holiday shopping season.

“The momentum looks strong,” said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi.

Encouraging as the latest figures are, hopes for a robust finish to 2013 hinge on strong hiring. And that depends, in part, on what the government’s November jobs report shows when it is released Friday.

The recovery from the Great Recession that ended 4½ years ago has come in fits and starts. Unemployment remains high at 7.3 percent. And growth has yet to reach the acceleration that defined U.S. economic recoveries for much of the past half century.

Even Thursday’s government report that the economy grew at a robust annual rate of 3.6 percent from July through September was hardly cause for celebration.

Nearly half the growth came from businesses building up stockpiles, a temporary factor. Excluding stockpiling, annual growth last quarter was a mere 1.9 percent.

Unless consumers step up spending during the holiday season, stockpiling is likely to slow.

Most economists foresee a sharp slowdown in growth during the October-December quarter as businesses do less stockpiling. Early estimates for economic growth are at or below an annual rate of 1.5 percent.

Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics, cautioned that a drop in fourth-quarter growth might not necessarily signal a weakening economy. Ashworth noted that the report on third-quarter growth showed that business sales surged, corporate profits rose, income grew and Americans saved more.

The report adds “to the evidence that the recovery is gaining momentum,” Ashworth said.

To sustain that strength, the economy needs more jobs. On Friday, the government will show whether steady gains in hiring over the past few months continued in November.

“It’s the one number that can come out and be 180 degrees in the opposite direction of what you thought,” Rupkey said.

The economy has added a solid average of 202,000 jobs a month from August through October. And the number of people applying for unemployment benefits has fallen over the past month back to mid-2007 levels. That signals fewer layoffs and further job gains in November.

Job growth has a dominant influence over much of the economy. If hiring continues at the current pace, a virtuous cycle starts to build. More jobs usually lead to higher wages, more spending, and faster growth.

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