IN THE CAMPS

U.S. military doctors abetted prisoner abuse, study says

 
 
A Navy doctor holds a feeding tube used to deliver a can of Ensure up the nose and down the back of the throat and into the stomach of a prison camp hunger strike on June 26, 2013 at the U.S. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
A Navy doctor holds a feeding tube used to deliver a can of Ensure up the nose and down the back of the throat and into the stomach of a prison camp hunger strike on June 26, 2013 at the U.S. Navy base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
JOE RAEDLE / GETTY IMAGES


Reuters

U.S. military doctors violated medical ethics by collaborating in the abuse of prisoners during interrogations after the Sept. 11 attacks on the United States in 2001, an independent study concluded on Monday.

“These practices included designing, participating in, and enabling torture and cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment of detainees,” concluded the study by the Task Force on Preserving Medical Professionalism in National Security Detention Centers.

The panel is made up of 19 military, health, legal and human rights experts who studied public records concerning the role of health professionals in detainee operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, at secret CIA prisons and at the Guantánamo Bay U.S. Navy Base in Cuba during the last dozen years.

They said that in the rush to obtain information that could prevent future attacks, the Defense Department and the CIA improperly demanded that medical personnel violate their ethical obligation to “do no harm.”

A Pentagon spokesman, Lt. Col. Todd Breasseale, said detainees receive humane medical care and that the allegations in the report were not new.

“They have been subject to numerous investigations over the years, and those investigations – which had access to more information than the authors of this report – have never substantiated these claims,” Breasseale said.

The report, titled “Abandoned Ethics,” said mental health professionals advised interrogators on how to exploit detainees’ fears and anxieties and when to increase the harshness of interrogations.

They used medical records and psychological profiles to help interrogators create feelings of dependency and dread, and to strip away detainees’ will to resist, the report said.

It quoted former CIA prisoners as saying medical doctors monitored them during so-called enhanced interrogations - checking oxygen levels while one was waterboarded and measuring the swollen limbs of another who was shackled in a standing position for long periods. Sometimes the doctors intervened, the report said.

“The role of physicians at CIA sites, then, was not to prevent pain, suffering, or harm to the detainee, but only to avoid severe harm,” it said.

The task force called for a full investigation.

“We have a responsibility to make sure this never happens again,” said task force member Gerald Thomson, a doctor and professor of medicine emeritus at Columbia University.

After the hijacked plane attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people on 9/11, the Bush administration authorized interrogation techniques that have been characterized as torture.

The CIA no longer holds prisoners and President Barack Obama has prohibited the use of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, the report notes.

But it said ethical violations were still occurring, such as the force-feeding of hunger-striking prisoners at Guantánamo.

The report’s authors included Albert Shimkus, a retired Navy captain who was the commanding officer and chief surgeon in charge of detainee health care at the Guantánamo base in 2002 and 2003. He now teaches at the U.S. Naval War College.

Read more Guantánamo stories from the Miami Herald

  •  
Guantanamo Bay inmate David Hicks on Nov. 18, 2008, back in Australia.

    War court's first convict wants his get-out-of-Guantánamo guilty plea canceled

    Lawyers for so-called Australian Taliban David Hicks — the first man to trade a Guantánamo guilty plea for his freedom — appealed that conviction Wednesday in an argument that invokes a civilian-court ruling that disqualified providing material support for terrorism as a war crime.

  •  
A bus passes by Camp 6 in the early evening at the the U.S. Navy base, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

    Guantánamo-bound MRI spent year in storage

    The senior medical officer at Southern Command pulled the plug on plans to put an MRI at the U.S. Navy base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, after a more than year-long review by medical staff concluded it wasn’t necessary for an aging prisoner population, an Army spokesman says.

  •  
Khalid Sheik Mohammed, left and President Barack Obama.

    IN THE CAMPS

    Guantánamo policy: Intelligence unit reviews KSM’s letter to Obama

    If approved by a prison intelligence unit, a letter written by alleged 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheik Mohammed will be sent in the mail to President Barack Obama.

Miami Herald

Join the
Discussion

The Miami Herald is pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news. Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere on the site or in the newspaper. We encourage lively, open debate on the issues of the day, and ask that you refrain from profanity, hate speech, personal comments and remarks that are off point. Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.

The Miami Herald uses Facebook's commenting system. You need to log in with a Facebook account in order to comment. If you have questions about commenting with your Facebook account, click here.

Have a news tip? You can send it anonymously. Click here to send us your tip - or - consider joining the Public Insight Network and become a source for The Miami Herald and el Nuevo Herald.

Hide Comments

This affects comments on all stories.

Cancel OK

  • Marketplace

Today's Circulars

  • Quick Job Search

Enter Keyword(s) Enter City Select a State Select a Category