TALLAHASSEE -- The new Common Core State Standards are more than just a roadmap for teachers and students.
They’re a political football causing a rift among Republicans.
In Florida, conservative moms and tea party groups have mounted fierce opposition to the national standards, saying decisions about teaching and learning should be made by state governments and local school boards — not the federal government. Their efforts attracted significant attention this summer, thanks to well-attended rallies, social media blitzes and the support of U.S. Sen. Marco Rubio.
“Our parents are reaching out to every [state] legislator they know and urging them to hit the pause button on Common Core,” said Laura Zorc, a Vero Beach mother and cofounder of Florida Parents Against Common Core.
Few observers believe the pressure will make the Florida Legislature or the Board of Education reverse course on the standards, which kick in across all grade levels when school starts on Monday. The benchmarks still have broad support among Republican lawmakers, and a tireless champion in former Gov. Jeb Bush.
But the backlash could be enough to prompt Florida’s exit from a national consortium creating the tests to accompany the new standards. Some observers, such as Frederick Hess of the conservative American Enterprise Institute, say the standards would be virtually meaningless without a common measuring stick.
“If there is a disconnect between the standards and the assessments, we end up worse than where we began,” Hess said, noting that there would be no way to compare student performance in Florida to performance in other states.
The Common Core standards outline what is expected of students at each grade level, but do not include suggestions for books or how teachers should plan their lessons. The benchmarks were created by the National Governors Association and Council of Chief State School Officers, and have been approved in 45 states and in the District of Columbia.
The political fireworks are not unique to Florida. The debate in Indiana got so heated that lawmakers voted to put the brakes on the standards earlier this year. Michigan and Wisconsin are also grappling with similar proposals.
A TIDAL WAVE OF CRITICISM
“In many states, implementation is already well under way, but there is this firestorm,” said Maria Ferguson, executive director of the nonpartisan Center on Education Policy.
That wasn’t always the case. When the initiative launched in 2009, lawmakers from both parties, teachers’ unions, parent groups and business associations supported it. They made the argument that national standards would raise the bar for students across the country, and enable educators to compare student performance across state lines.
But fractures began forming this year, when the Obama administration ramped up its efforts to promote the new benchmarks.
The teachers’ unions expressed concerns over how educators would be evaluated during the roll out, and whether they would be adequately prepared. Critics on the right, meanwhile, identified the Common Core as an example of federal overreach, and made comparisons to Obamacare. They also took issue with federal money being tied to the standards.
Other concerns surfaced about the quality of the standards themselves, and how student data would be collected, distributed and protected.
When tea party groups and organizations such as Florida Parents Against Common Core began mobilizing this summer, state education leaders braced for the political fallout.
“This wave is coming to kill Common Core,” state Board of Education member Kathleen Shanahan said in May.
Florida’s push toward Common Core suffered a bruising setback this month, when state Education Commissioner Tony Bennett resigned in the aftermath of a school grades controversy. Bennett was among the most outspoken advocates of the standards, and had been guiding the state education board through the firestorm.
NOT BACKING DOWN, YET
Bush has been doing everything in his power to promote the Common Core standards through his two education foundations. He made a speech defending the benchmarks this month at a conference of the American Legislative Exchange Council, a policy resource for many Republican lawmakers.
It seems to be helping. Interim Florida Education Commissioner Pam Stewart has said she has no plans to abandon the benchmarks.
Republican state lawmakers are holding firm, too. Last month, Sen. John Thrasher, R-St. Augustine, and four former chairs of the Republican Party of Florida, sent an email seeking to clarify “misinformation” that had circulated among conservatives, and to garner support for the standards.
“There are good conservatives on both sides of this issue,” they wrote. “Questioning the integrity of anyone involved on either side of this debate does not do our party or this issue any favors. We implore our fellow Republicans to judge the Common Core State Stands by what they are: academic standards, not curriculum and not a national mandate.”
Senate President Don Gaetz, R-Niceville, said he welcomes debate on Common Core, but is committed to the national standards.
House Speaker Will Weatherford, R-Wesley Chapel, said he had no qualms with the benchmarks, either.
When asked why the issue had become so controversial, Gaetz blamed politics. “Unfortunately, the Obama administration has tried to hijack the Common Core issue,” said the former schools superintendent.
The leaders, however, have reservations about a key part of Florida’s Common Core plan: the tests.
Florida is a member of the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC), a consortium of states working to create new exams to test the Common Core standards. Gaetz and Weatherford recently suggested Florida leave the consortium and craft its own plan for measuring student achievement, which could include an entirely new set of student assessments.
Gaetz has said the proposal was not the product of political pressure. He and Weatherford want to leave PARCC because the consortium has not released its final student data security policies, and because school systems may not have the technology needed to administer the exams, he said.
Observers believe Florida is likely to follow Georgia, Indiana and Oklahoma and withdraw from the consortium. Zorc, of Florida Parents Against Common Core, said the move would be telling. “Legislators are starting to listen,” she said.
Miami Herald staff writer Kathleen McGrory can be reached at kmcgrory@MiamiHerald.com.