Fix U.S. food aid system



As a small tropical fruit farmer in Miami, I can recall when our local markets were distorted, directly affecting our economic lives and agricultural options. A couple of years after Hurricane Andrew, we saw prices on the longan fruit drop by almost 50 percent after imports arrived from Taiwan and China. That was tough on our family business and forced us to diversify our products.

But these kinds of local market distortions aren’t just happening in our community. They are happening all over the world, to hungry people who need the food the most. Since 1954, Americans have provided lifesaving food for millions of hungry people through a program called Food for Peace, but the system has never been seriously updated.

The 1950s were a time of large agricultural commodity surpluses, and the program was brilliantly conceived to serve the dual purpose of propping up the heartland farmers while providing a tangible expression of our compassion and generosity, perhaps the greatest symbol of U.S. leadership as a force for good in the world.

Much has changed since the time of President Eisenhower, and American farmers have far more opportunities to sell their crops as new products or for export. Rising costs of food crops and shipping have reduced the value of our aid dollar by as much as 70 percent.

Proposals to modernize food aid released by President Obama earlier this year include using some of the dollars spent on outdated subsidies to purchase food locally or provide vouchers for direct individual purchase. Most wealthy nations have already made this change and there are multiple benefits. Food commodities purchased locally in developing countries can be cheaper to produce and do not need to be shipped. Most important, in my view as a small farmer, the food does not end up hurting the very people we are trying to help.

We can see further evidence of market distortions affecting local farmers and agriculture nearby on the island of Haiti. So much American rice was sent to Haiti as food aid that virtually all the rice farmers went out of business because they could not compete. Former President Clinton has apologized for this unintended consequence of his humanitarian impulse. The people of Haiti even developed a preference for American rice causing an additional barrier to restarting agricultural production locally.

It is estimated that Obama’s changes to the current food aid system could feed as many as 4 million more people without costing taxpayers a dime if we adopt these simple and smart reforms. The food would also arrive more than 21/2 months faster, which could mean life or death for a person who is starving.

Buying food locally is more than just a fad. It is a way of supporting local agriculture, and nowhere is that more important than in poor developing countries. When we ship food to developing nations or provide it to relief organizations to “monetize” by selling cheaply in local markets, we distort those markets and damage local production of agricultural commodities. We also waste most of our food-aid dollar on subsidies and shipping.

Organizations such as CARE and Oxfam have been on the front lines advocating for more flexible and effective use of food-aid dollars. The poverty-fighting organization CARE, which works in more than 80 countries, found that these subsidies were hurting the very farmers and families they were trying to help. Many of these farmers are women. Seven years ago, CARE took a principled stand, abandoning open-market monetization. The decision cost the organization more than $45 million a year.

There are agriculture groups that oppose such changes to the way food aid is delivered abroad. They say the current system works and the food aid system is OK the way it is. However, if we know the reforms can feed millions more and reach those in need faster, shouldn’t a modernized food-aid system be the obvious choice?

Of course, there is still an important role for U.S. commodities in places where food is not available or where local purchases are not beneficial to the market. Under Obama’s reforms, groups can still purchase commodities from U.S.-based producers where and when it is appropriate.

It’s clear that a more modern food aid system can be a part of lifting more people out of extreme poverty. It can stabilize developing nations. It can lead to strong local markets and permanent economic growth. It saves lives and is the right thing to do.

As a small farmer in America, I encourage our policymakers to take this common sense stand and modernize our food aid system.

Alexandra Gordon is an environmental horticulturist with a family farm and nursery in the Redland District.

Read more Other Views stories from the Miami Herald

Tony Lesesne


    Tony Lesesne: Overkill, and an apology

    Yes, it happens in South Florida, too — and it shouldn’t. Black men pulled over, needlessly hassled by police officers who give the rest of their colleagues a bad name, who make no distinction when a suspect has no other description than ‘black male,’ who harass residents because they can. A North Miami Beach officer pulls over a black man in a suit and tie — and behind the wheel of an Audi that simply had to be stolen, right? In another Miami-Dade city, an officer demands that an African-American man installing a vegetable garden justify why he has a shovel and seedlings. Detained for possession of cilantro? Here are five South Floridians who tell of their experiences in this community and beyond, years ago, and all too recently.

Delrish Moss


    Delrish Moss: Out after dark

    “I was walking up Seventh Avenue, just shy of 14th street. I was about 17 and going home from my job. I worked at Biscayne Federal Bank after school. The bank had a kitchen, and I washed the dishes. A police officer gets out of his car. He didn’t say anything. He came up and pushed me against a wall, frisked me, then asked what I was doing walking over here after dark. Then he got into his car and left. I never got a chance to respond. I remember standing there feeling like my dignity had been taken with no explanation. I would have felt better about that incident had I gotten some sort of dialogue. I had not had any encounters with police.


    Bill Diggs: Hurt officer’s feelings

    “I’m the first generation in my family to go to college, and if I wanted to do nothing else, I wanted to make my mom happy. I was living for my parents, I wanted to be that guy, I wanted to go to work and not have to put on steel-toe boots. And here I am in Atlanta, I have finally grown to a particular level of affluence. I wasn’t making a lot of money, but I was a college kid, wearing a suit, driving a nice BMW going to work everyday. Can’t beat that. I would leave my house, drive up Highway 78, the Stone Mountain area, grab some coffee, go to work. So on this particular morning, there’s a cop who’s rustling up this homeless guy outside the gas station where I was filling up. I’m shaking my head, the cop looks at me. This homeless guy is there every morning. I get in my car and on to the expressway. The police officer comes shooting up behind me. I doing 65, 70. He gets up behind me, I notice he’s following me. I get in one lane, he gets in the lane, I get in another lane, he gets in that lane. He finally flips his lights on, he comes up to the car. I’ve been pulled over for speeding before, I know the drill. Got my hands up here, don’t want to get shot, and I think he’s going to say what I’ve heard before: ‘License and registration, please.’ He says ‘Get out of the car!’ and he reaches in and grabs me by my shirt. He says, ‘So you’re a smart ass, huh?’ Finally he says, ‘License and registration.’ I tell him it’s in the car. He says, ‘Get it for me!’ He goes back to his car, comes back and asks, ‘So where did you get the car from?’ I say ‘It’s a friend of mine’s.” He says, ‘Is it stolen? What are you doing driving your friend’s car?’ I finally asked, ‘Is there a reason you stopped me? You followed me, what’s up, man?’ He says, ‘I’m going to let you go with a warning, but if you see me doing what I’ve got to do for my job, don’t you ever f---ing worry about it.”

Miami Herald

Join the

The Miami Herald is pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news. Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere on the site or in the newspaper. We encourage lively, open debate on the issues of the day, and ask that you refrain from profanity, hate speech, personal comments and remarks that are off point. Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.

The Miami Herald uses Facebook's commenting system. You need to log in with a Facebook account in order to comment. If you have questions about commenting with your Facebook account, click here.

Have a news tip? You can send it anonymously. Click here to send us your tip - or - consider joining the Public Insight Network and become a source for The Miami Herald and el Nuevo Herald.

Hide Comments

This affects comments on all stories.

Cancel OK

  • Marketplace

Today's Circulars

  • Quick Job Search

Enter Keyword(s) Enter City Select a State Select a Category