WASHINGTON -- The introduction overnight of the most far-reaching immigration overhaul in decades marks only the first chapter in a long battle that will test emotions and political wits.
Supporters of a comprehensive overhaul on each side of the immigration debate have spent the past several months pressing a small bipartisan group senators to introduce legislation, but those same activists now must wrestle with the reality of what they must relinquish to accomplish their ultimate goals whether those are a path to citizenship, securing the border or improving a political partys future electoral prospects.
For Latino advocates and civil liberties activists, that means swallowing the idea of a southern border armed with airborne drones and a gun-toting military. It means accepting that family reunification might no longer be the heart of the nations immigration system.
For conservatives who hold dear the rule of law, that means allowing 11 million people who either came here illegally or who illegally overstayed their visas a chance to remain in the country and eventually become U.S. citizens.
This has something for everybody to hate, said Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz.
Flake is part of the so-called Gang of Eight senators who introduced legislation that would put most of the 11 million people here illegally on a path to citizenship, but not until the borders are deemed secure.
Two other members, Sens. Charles Schumer, D-N.Y., and John McCain, R-Ariz., visited the White House on Tuesday at President Barack Obamas request to review the proposal.
After the meeting, Obama said the proposal was consistent with his own principles on immigration and urged the Senate to move the bill forward. This bill is clearly a compromise, and no one will get everything they wanted, including me, Obama said in a statement.
The bill, which was released at 2 a.m. Wednesday, is scheduled to receive its first hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Friday; a second hearing is expected Monday.
The controversial bill also would give thousands of deported individuals a chance to return. It would require mandatory use of worker verification systems to ensure those hired are in the country legally. And it would appropriate billions of dollars to hire thousands more Border Patrol agents and would authorize National Guard deployment along the southern border in an attempt to prevent 90 percent of illegal crossings.
The calls to address the nations broken immigration system are greater than they have been in years, with some of the most powerful interest groups including business, labor, agriculture and religion supporting a comprehensive overhaul.
The agreement remains fragile, as immigration remains an emotional and politically divisive issue in many parts of the country. But Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., who has a history of changing views on immigration, said the current environment is better than its ever been for potential passage.
If we fail this time, I dont know when anybody would take this up, Graham said. I said last time this was the last best chance in a decade. This may be the last chance forever.
The bipartisan proposal represents a major breakthrough toward figuring out a solution, according to Clarissa Martinez, the director of civic engagement and immigration at the National Council of La Raza. But she said shes not ready to sign on the dotted line.