WASHINGTON -- The road to confirmation will likely be long and difficult for the first Latino picked to serve in President Barack Obamas Cabinet during his second term.
The Obama administration on Monday tapped Thomas Perez, the assistant attorney general for civil rights at the Justice Department, to lead the Department of Labor.
Seen as an unabashed advocate for immigrant rights and other liberal causes, Perez is expected to play a leading role in Obamas efforts to overhaul immigration laws and raise the minimum wage.
Opponents are planning to block his nomination by painting him as a poster boy for big government who pushes an intrusive agenda, and they already have a bill of particulars prepared: that he blocked laws in Texas and South Carolina that require photo IDs at the polls and that a recent critical report by the Justice Department inspector general found that his division suffered from deep ideological polarization.
This is an unfortunate and needlessly divisive nomination, said Sen. Jeff Sessions, R-Ala., a senior member of the Senate Judiciary committee, which overseas the Justice Department. The top priority of the secretary of labor should be to create jobs and higher wages for American workers. But Mr. Perez has aggressively sought ways to allow the hiring of more illegal workers.
Speaking from the East Room of the White House, Obama described the Harvard University-trained lawyer born to immigrant parents from the Dominican Republic as a dedicated public servant whose upbringing and success reminds us of this countrys promise.
If youre willing to work hard, it doesnt matter who you are, where you come from, what your last name is, you can make it if you try, the president said. And Tom has made protecting that promise, for everybody, the cause of his life.
Before becoming the nations civil rights enforcer, Perez served as Marylands labor secretary for two years. He also served in the Health and Human Services Departments civil rights office under President Bill Clinton and was an aide to the late Sen. Edward Kennedy, D-Mass.
If hes confirmed, Perez will replace another Latino, outgoing Secretary Hilda Solis, who resigned after Obamas first term. Latino groups concerned about a lack of diversity in the Cabinet praised Perezs selection. Labor groups see him as an ally.
Cathy Ruckelshaus, legal co-director at the National Employment Law Project who worked with Perez in Maryland, said he knew how to balance the needs of unions and employers.
Hes pretty unique, Ruckelshaus said. Hes balanced and fair, but also has a lot of passion for laws hes called upon to enforce.
His confirmation is no sure thing, foreshadowing another possibly nasty fight for an administration thats had to battle and even retreat from the field for some of its recent nominees. Obama withdrew U.N. Ambassador Susan Rices name for secretary of state after she became embroiled in a controversy surrounding the fatal Libyan consulate attack last September. Former Republican Sen. Chuck Hagel endured a bruising Senate hearing before being confirmed as secretary of defense.
Detractors are likely to claim hes an aggressive advocate of race-conscious civil rights policies and that hes also not sufficiently protective of the rights of American citizen workers, said Rogers Smith, a political science professor at the University of Pennsylvania.
Some Republicans already are planning to block his nomination. Sen. David Vitter, R-La., plans to hold it hostage until the Department of Justice responds to his 2011 letter about what he said was spotty enforcement of the National Voter Registration Act in Louisiana.
Perez was greatly involved in the DOJs partisan full-court press to pressure Louisianas secretary of state to only enforce one side of the law the side that specifically benefits the politics of the president and his administration, at the expense of identity security of each and every Louisianan on the voter rolls, Vitter said in a statement.
If Perez makes it to the confirmation process, hell be asked about his opposition to voter ID laws in South Carolina which the courts upheld, but only with certain changes and in Texas, which the court blocked, saying the law would hurt minority voting and place a burden on the poor. Republicans, who have argued that the laws are needed to prevent fraud, saw the move as political.
Perez very likely will be asked about his earlier work as the president of the board of Casa de Maryland, an immigration advocacy group, which Sessions described as a fringe advocacy group.
Perezs division also sued popular pro-immigration enforcement sheriffs such as Joe Arpaio of Arizonas Maricopa County and Terry Johnson of North Carolinas Alamance County, accusing them of racially profiling Latinos.
The nomination process will be further complicated by a recent inspector general report that criticized Perezs division for deep ideological polarization and a lack of professionalism, including leaks and harassment.
The report also dealt with a controversy involving Perezs role when the Justice Department dropped charges against someone associated with the New Black Panther Party, who allegedly had intimidated voters in Philadelphia on Election Day 2008. The report said Perez didnt intentionally mislead the U.S. Civil Rights Commission during a May 2010 hearing on the issue but that hed provided incomplete testimony, failing to mention that two political appointees had participated in the decision to drop the charges.
White House Press Secretary Jay Carney brushed aside questions Monday about how Perez had responded to investigators when asked about the Black Panther case.
I would say that the criticism in the inspector general report . . . largely predated Tom Perez and even this administration, Carney said.
Steven Thomma contributed to this report.