Fiction

Science and doubt collide in Barbara Kingsolver’s ‘Flight Behavior’

 

An alarming natural phenomenon changes the world of an unhappy young mother in Appalachia.

cogle@MiamiHerald.com

Before she was a successful novelist, Barbara Kingsolver was a scientist. Before fans fell for her beloved debut The Bean Trees, about an impoverished Kentucky woman who finds a new life in the Southwest, before The Poisonwood Bible and its troubled missionary family earned her a Pulitzer Prize nomination, Kingsolver earned a degree in biology. Her love for and knowledge of the mysteries of nature shape her latest novel in unexpected, wonderful ways.

Set in Appalachia — like her novel Prodigal Summer, which dealt with similar themes — the terrific Flight Behavior examines how the ebb and flow of the natural world plays out against the lives of the people entwined with it. Never one to shy away from controversy, Kingsolver takes on the thorny subject of climate change. You expect her to come down firmly on the side of science, and she does, but her empathy is more wide-ranging than you might imagine. She grew up in Kentucky and lives in southern Appalachia (she wrote Animal, Vegetable, Miracle about eating only homegrown food there for a year). She understands the motivations and desires of rural communities ravaged by economic downfall.

In the middle of this conflict stands restless young mother Dellarobia Turnbow, who has danced the rural poor-girl two-step and found it wanting. Orphaned and pregnant at 17, she married her kind but plodding high school beau. One miscarriage and two children later, she’s stuck on a sheep farm, dreams of college dashed, lonely and unhappy and prone to distracting herself from her boredom and misery with daydreams about other men.

As the book opens, an obsessed Dellarobia is on her way to a clandestine meeting in the turkey-hunting shack high in the hills above the farm. But on the verge of throwing away marriage vows, respectability and honor, she is stopped by an amazing sight. “The forest blazed with its own internal flame . ... The flame now appeared to lift from individual treetops in showers of orange sparks, exploding the way a pine log does in a campfire when it’s poked. The sparks spiraled upward in swirls like funnel clouds.”

Stunned, Dellarobia turns home. But her encounter with the phenomenon — not supernatural fire but Monarch butterflies that have inexplicably stopped for the winter in the hills of Tennessee instead of their usual Mexican habitat — is far from over. The pastor suggests their presence is a miracle. Her mother-in-law agrees and starts leading sightseers on tours of their land. Her husband and father-in-law, sinking under the threat of a balloon loan payment coming due, have already agreed to sell the trees to a logging company.

Dellarobia’s transformation truly begins when a scientific team sets up shop next to the Turnbows’ barn. The intriguing Ovid Byron— handsome, intelligent, with a lilting Caribbean accent Dellarobia can’t get out of her head — breaks the bad news: The butterflies aren’t a miracle but an aberration, a sign that something has gone terribly wrong. The unfairness is staggering: “Why did the one rare, spectacular thing in her life have to be a sickness of nature? These butterflies had been hers. She found them . ... They seemed to matter, like nothing she’d ever possessed. Already she had made up her mind to throw her one hundred dinky pounds against the heft of her family’s men, if it came to that. So how did an outsider just get to come in here and declare the whole event a giant mistake?”

But as she begins to work with the scientists, Dellarobia rediscovers a passion for learning. She’s forced to think critically about the world and her community. Kingsolver is unerringly sensitive to her point of view. Ovid doesn’t understand why so many people refuse to believe in climate change, but Dellarobia does. Her husband and neighbors parrot the beliefs of a radio talk show host. Yuppies “watched smart-mouthed comedians who mocked people living in doublewides and listening to country music.”

“Nobody,” Dellarobia thinks, “truly decided for themselves. There was too much information. What they actually did was scope around, decide who was looking out for their clan, and sign on for the memos on a wide array of topics.”

And as for financial temptation? “Honestly, if you waved a handful of money, whose head didn’t turn toward it?”

Turns out nature is just as dangerous as man — a bad cold spell can kill the butterflies — and while Dellarobia nervously awaits the end of this long, complicated winter, Kingsolver plucks our emotions with the skill of a virtuoso. The butterflies’ fates take on epic proportion. “People had to manage terrible truths,” Dellarobia knows, and so we brace ourselves for tragedy, just like the characters in this marvelous book. They’re flawed, compassionate, capable of great kindnesses and possessing of hidden depths. But guess what? Turns out they can soar, too.

Connie Ogle is The Miami Herald’s book editor.

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