Herald photographer documents Mariel boatlift

  • May, 1980: Mariel refugees clap and cheer after arriving from Key West, where they came by boat from Cuba. They hoist a baby in celebration while being housed in a hanger at Eglin Airforce Base Florida. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: The Mary Evelyn arrives crowded with Cuban Refugees from Mariel during the boatlift that brought over 100,000 Cubans to Key West in about two months. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: Boats head to Mariel, Cuba to pick up relatives after leaving Key West. Many of the boats were forced to bring back people who they didn't know instead of relatives. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: Cuban refugees rest on cots in an airplane hanger at Eglin Airforce Base in the Florida Panhandle after arriving from Key West. They had come from Mariel Harbor in Cuba a few days earlier during the boatlift that brought over 100,000 Cubans to Florida in just a couple of months. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A woman shaves her husband in the makeshift camp at Eglin Airforce Base after they were flown from Key West, where they had arrived by boat from Mariel. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: A U.S. marine MP checks a Cuban refugee for weapons at the docks in Key West Florida during the Mariel boatlift after information that Castro had released prisoners and placed them on some of the boats in Mariel Harbor to be brought to Florida. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A Cuban refugee girl cries as she lands in Key West Naval Air Station after being rescued at sea by the U.S. Marines. Many of her family members died along with at least 14 others who drowned when the boat they were in from Mariel sank in high winds after being forced to leave the harbor by Cuban authorities. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: Cuban refugees go through processing on the docks in Key West during the Mariel boatlift. TIM CHAPMAN / Tim Chapman

  • May 1980: Mariel Cuban refugees pray along with a priest at Eglin Airforce Base in Florida after they arrived from Key West. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: U.S. marines arrive with Cuban refugees in Key West after the boats they were in sank in the Florida Straits. Fourteen Cubans died in the rough seas but several were saved. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A line of Cuban refugees wait on the Key West docks to clear immigration after arriving from Mariel, Cuba. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A small Cuban boy is brought into Key West Naval Air Station after being rescued by a U.S. Marine helicopter. Fourteen others drowned when the boat they were in coming from Mariel Harbor sank in rough seas during the boatlift. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 24, 1980: An elderly woman is helped along the dock in Key West after arriving by boat from Mariel Harbor in Cuba during an exodus of refugees that saw over 100,000 arrive on Florida's shores. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: A boat arrives in Key West with more Cuban refugees from Mariel Harbor after crossing the Florida Straits. Over 100,000 Cubans came in the boatlift. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A Mariel refugee is checked by a U.S. Marine at the Key West docks after it was learned that Castro had released prisoners from his jails and put them on boats in Mariel harbor to be sent to the U.S. in the exodus of the Mariel Boatlift. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: A father holds up his son as they arrive in Key West harbor after fleeing Cuba. The Mariel boatlift brought over 100,000 Cuban refugees across the Florida Straits. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: A Cuban family rests in a tent in Lima, Peru after arriving from occupation of the Peruvian Embassy in Havana for weeks. The occupation triggered an exodus of Cuban Refugees from Mariel Harbor that brought over 100,000 Cubans into South Florida in April and May of 1980. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: Rebeca Fabara Morales, right, cries because she and her son, left, had to leave her husband behind in Cuba. She arrived in Key West after crossing the Florida Straits by boat where she waits to be allowed off the boat. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: Cuban refugees from Mariel harbor crammed into an airplane hanger after being flown from Key West, where over 100, 000 arrived by boat fleeing Cuba. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: The first Cuban refugees arrive at Eglin Airforce Base from Key West after coming by boat from Mariel Harbor in Cuba. Over 100,000 refugees arrived on Florida's shore in April and May of 1980 during the boatlift. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • October 10, 1980: President Jimmy Carter waves at a crowd in Tallahassee on a visit to the state capital. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 24, 1980: A tired Cuban boy rests on a boat in Key West harbor after crossing from Mariel harbor in a boatlift that brought over 100,000 refugees to Florida's shores. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 1980: Boats loaded with Cuban refugees cross the Florida Straits from Mariel to Key West. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 1980: A Mariel refugee, with a tattoo he got while in a Cuban prison, sits on his cot at Eglin Airforce Base after arriving from Key West. He came with thousands of other men in the Mariel boatlift who had been released from Cuban jails and put on boats in Mariel Harbor with other refugees. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • April 26, 1980: Cuban refugees arrive in Key West after crossing the Florida Straits from Mariel Harbor by boat. Tomasa Enriqueto, left, comforts her 75-year-old mother, Machada Ruiz, as they wait on-board the boat for clearance from INS officials on the dock. TIM CHAPMAN / MIAMI HERALD STAFF

  • May 8, 1980: Miami Herald photographer Tim Chapman, right, poses with a Mariel immigrant at his tent on Eglin Airforce base in the panhandle of Florida. TIM CHAPMAN